Difference between revisions of "United States Census, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|CID=CID1810731
+
| CID=CID1810731
|title=United States Census, 1930
+
| title=United States Census, 1930  
|location=United States}} <br>
+
| location= United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Census Population Schedules
 +
| record_group_nr = 29
 +
| record_group_title = Records of the Bureau of the census, 1790-2007
 +
| start_year = 1930
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = T626
 +
| micro_pub_title = Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 2667
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetically by state, by county, and enumeration district
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/598030 598030]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1821205?collectionNameFilter=false Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2329948?collectionNameFilter=true Enumeration District Maps, 1900-1940]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Census 1930]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/winter/1930-census.html NARA Taking the 1930 Census of Population Article]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/summer/1930-census-perspective.html NARA The 1930 Census in Perspective Article]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2003/fall/1930-eds.html NARA Describing the Enumeration Districts of the 1930 Census Article]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1930-census.pdf NARA 1930 Census Form]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html NARA Clues in Census Records,1850-1940]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/veterans-and-pensioners.pdf NARA Reference Report Veterans in the 1930 Census]
 +
| RW_URL_07 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/1930-census.htm 1930 Census Findings]
 +
| RW_URL_08 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/ Census Finder]
 +
| RW_URL_09 = [http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
+
Index to the population schedules from National Archives microfilm publication T626, Fifteenth Census of the United States,1930. The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.The index includes the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Consular Services, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The census will identify the place of residence on April 1, 1930 for each person counted. The index was created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.  
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was&nbsp;April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.&nbsp;
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
+
|CID=CID1810731
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
+
|title=United States Census, 1930
 +
}}
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1810731/waypoints Browse].
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|1930 United States Census
 +
</gallery>
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930.&nbsp;  
+
The 1930 census includes the following information:
 +
*State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
 +
*Name of street and house number
 +
*Name of head of household
 +
*Names of all members of household
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Gender
 +
*Race
 +
*Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
 +
*Married or single
 +
*Age at time of first marriage
 +
*Birthplace of each member of household)
 +
*Father's birthplace
 +
*Mother's birthplace
 +
*Language spoken
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Industry
 +
* Veterans: What war or expedition ? WW World War; Sp Spanish-American; Civ Civil War; Phil Philippine Insurrection; Box Boxer Rebellion; Mex Mexican expedition
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1930 Census." NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
+
*Name
 +
*Other identifying information such as residence
  
[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
== Record Content  ==
+
'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "State" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Township" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.
  
[[Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1930 United States Census.jpg]]
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
  
*Full name
+
With either search keep in mind:
*Race
 
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
 
*Relationship to the head of household (active military personnel in naval yards, army posts, etc. may use the term "Sailor" or list military rank rather than actual relationship to head of household)
 
*Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
 
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
 
*Year immigrated to the United States
 
*Whether a naturalized citizen
 
*Occupation
 
*Native language if foreign-born and whether can speak English
 
*Whether a military veteran
 
*Street address and house number
 
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
Search the Collection<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State(Country)" category<br> ⇒Select the "County" category<br> ⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" category Select the "Event District" category which takes you to the images<br>
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
+
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
  
Or
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 
 
For example:
 
 
*Write down middle names, which may be the mother's maiden name.
 
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
*Use birth places to identify&nbsp;former residences and to help establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
*If military service information is&nbsp;listed, use it to help you find military files in the State or National Archives.
 
*Use occupations listed to lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
== What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?  ==
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
*Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 +
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 +
*Search neighboring localities or states.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
 +
*There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
=== General Information About These Records  ===
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
+
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
  
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
+
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.  
  
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
+
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
{{USCensus}}
  
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1930-census.htm 1930 Census Findings]
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/ Census Finder]
 
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1930-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
*[[United States Census 1930]]
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1930-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
== Related FamilySearch Collections ==
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2329948 NARA Census Maps, 1900-1940]
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== How You Can Contribute  ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1930." Database with  Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.}} <br><br>
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1810731
"United States Census, 1930." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org] accessed 8 April 2011), Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.
+
|title=United States Census, 1930
 
+
}}
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1810731
 +
|title=United States Census, 1930
 +
}}
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census]]

Latest revision as of 16:07, 23 September 2016

Access the Records
United States Census, 1930 .
CID1810731
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Census Population Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the census, 1790-2007
Collection years 1930
Microfilm Publication T626. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. 2667 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetically by state, by county, and enumeration district
National Archives Identifier 598030
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

Index to the population schedules from National Archives microfilm publication T626, Fifteenth Census of the United States,1930. The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.The index includes the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Consular Services, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The census will identify the place of residence on April 1, 1930 for each person counted. The index was created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1930.

Collection Content

The 1930 census includes the following information:

  • State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
  • Name of street and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Married or single
  • Age at time of first marriage
  • Birthplace of each member of household)
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace
  • Language spoken
  • Occupation
  • Industry
  • Veterans: What war or expedition ? WW World War; Sp Spanish-American; Civ Civil War; Phil Philippine Insurrection; Box Boxer Rebellion; Mex Mexican expedition

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • Name
  • Other identifying information such as residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State"
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  • Check for variant spellings of the names.
  • Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search neighboring localities or states.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.

General Information About These Records

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related FamilySearch Collections

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census, 1930." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1930.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1930.