Difference between revisions of "United States Index to Service Records, War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch Collection
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|CID=CID1919583
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| CID=CID1919583  
|title=United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898
+
| title=United States Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898  
|location=United States
+
| location=United States
|}}  
+
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| record_type = Index to Service Records 
 +
| record_group_nr = 94
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/094.html Records of the Adjutant General's Office]
 +
| start_year =1898
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M871
 +
| micro_pub_title = General Index to Compiled Service records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the War with Spain
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 126
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/654543 654543]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699?collectionNameFilter=true General Pension Index]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Spanish-American War, 1898]]
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| FS_URL_03 =
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/spanish-american/service-records.pdf NARA Reference Report Military Service during the Spanish-American War,1899-1899]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/654543?q=M871 NARA Indexes to Carded Records of Soldiers Collection Description Collection M240 General Index  M413 Louisiana  M871 North Carolina]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/300400?q=*:* NARA Carded Records Showing Military Service  Collection Description Florida M1087]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/spring/spanish-american-war-1.html NARA Article Sailors, Soldiers, and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/spring/naval-activities-in-spanish-american-war.html NARA Article Documenting US Naval Activities]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/spring/spanish-american-war-3.html NARA Microfilm Publications Relating tot he War]
 +
| RW_URL_07 = [http://nutrias.org/guides/genguide/militaryrecords.htm#top Military Records: Guide to Genealogical Matters]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This is an index to the compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served during the War with Spain. The service files are located in the National Archives and have not been filmed with the exception of Florida. The index is in alphabetical order.  
+
This is an index for the year 1898 to the compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served during the War with Spain. The service files are located in the National Archives and have not been filmed with the exception of Florida. The index is in alphabetical order.  
 
 
This index covers records for 1898. 
 
  
 
Interest in the Spanish-American War is increasing. The number of participants was small compared to the number who served in the Civil War and World War II. The smaller numbers are in part due to the short length of the Spanish-American War, which ended before many soldiers had even been transported to the war zone. But for the many Americans whose families came to the United States during the mass immigrations of the 1880s and 1890s, the Spanish-American War records are the first military records they can research.  
 
Interest in the Spanish-American War is increasing. The number of participants was small compared to the number who served in the Civil War and World War II. The smaller numbers are in part due to the short length of the Spanish-American War, which ended before many soldiers had even been transported to the war zone. But for the many Americans whose families came to the United States during the mass immigrations of the 1880s and 1890s, the Spanish-American War records are the first military records they can research.  
  
Pension records were carefully compiled on grounds of injury, illness, or disability (and later on age) and often included:  
+
Pension records were carefully compiled on grounds of injury, illness, or disability (and later on age) and often included:  
  
 
*Application forms  
 
*Application forms  
Line 28: Line 67:
 
Records from the Spanish-American War are generally much more descriptive, complete, and accurate than those from earlier wars. Name spelling became more uniform and literacy more common. These improvements make it easier to locate birth dates, family members, and other important genealogical information.  
 
Records from the Spanish-American War are generally much more descriptive, complete, and accurate than those from earlier wars. Name spelling became more uniform and literacy more common. These improvements make it easier to locate birth dates, family members, and other important genealogical information.  
  
For a list of records by surnames currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1919583/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
+
|CID=CID1919583
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
|title=United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898
 +
}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
{{Collection citation
+
<gallery>
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Adjutant General's Office. United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain. National Archives, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}
+
Image:United States,Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain DGS 5077639 2266.jpg|Example Record
 +
</gallery>  
  
[[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
'''Service records''' may include the following information:  
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
Key genealogical facts found in this collection may include:  
 
 
 
[[Image:United States,Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain DGS 5077639 2266.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*Soldier's name  
 
*Soldier's name  
*Rank and military unit
+
*Rank and military unit  
*Date of entry into service
+
*Date of entry into service  
 
*Separation by discharge, desertion, or death  
 
*Separation by discharge, desertion, or death  
 
*Film number  
 
*Film number  
Line 53: Line 88:
 
*Surname range
 
*Surname range
  
Service Records may also state:  
+
'''Service records''' may also state:  
  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
Line 59: Line 94:
 
*Residence at time of enlistment
 
*Residence at time of enlistment
  
Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.  
+
Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the FamilySearch Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
 +
 
 +
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
 +
 
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
*Your ancestor's full name
 +
*Other identifying information such as residence and age
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "Surname Range" category which takes you to the images<br>
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
Use this index to help you learn more about your ancestors, whether war achievements or previously unknown biological information. To search for your ancestors in the index, you will need to know their full names.
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "Surname Range" which takes you to the images<br>
  
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
  
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
+
With either search keep in mind:
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family; it will often lead you to other records.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
For example:  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family; it will often lead you to other records. For example:  
  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or&nbsp;cemetery records.  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or&nbsp;cemetery records.  
Line 81: Line 127:
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
  
You may also find these search tips helpful:
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
Line 87: Line 133:
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
== What if I Can't Find Who I"m Looking For? ==
  
*[http://nutrias.org/guides/genguide/militaryrecords.htm#top Military Records: Guide to Genealogical Matters]
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/spring/spanish-american-war-1.html Sailors, Soldiers, and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine]
+
*Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
*[[Spanish-American War, 1898]]
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Adjutant General's Office. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}<br><br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1919583
 +
|title=United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; this will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1919583
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
|title=United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898
 
+
}}
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
 
 
"United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898" &nbsp;digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 16 December 2011). John Estabrook, Private, citing Service Records, Es-Far. Image 167; National Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C. United States.
 
  
[[Category:United_States|Military]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 17:20, 21 September 2016

Access the Records
United States Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898 .
CID1919583
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Index to Service Records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1898
Microfilm Publication M871. General Index to Compiled Service records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the War with Spain. 126 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 654543
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This is an index for the year 1898 to the compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served during the War with Spain. The service files are located in the National Archives and have not been filmed with the exception of Florida. The index is in alphabetical order.

Interest in the Spanish-American War is increasing. The number of participants was small compared to the number who served in the Civil War and World War II. The smaller numbers are in part due to the short length of the Spanish-American War, which ended before many soldiers had even been transported to the war zone. But for the many Americans whose families came to the United States during the mass immigrations of the 1880s and 1890s, the Spanish-American War records are the first military records they can research.

Pension records were carefully compiled on grounds of injury, illness, or disability (and later on age) and often included:

  • Application forms
  • Branch of service
  • Rank
  • Military organization
  • Proof of marriage
  • Proof of children's births
  • Summary of military service
  • Death certificates

Service records document an individual’s involvement with the military and can be used for proving military service, or as a valuable tool in genealogical research.

Records from the Spanish-American War are generally much more descriptive, complete, and accurate than those from earlier wars. Name spelling became more uniform and literacy more common. These improvements make it easier to locate birth dates, family members, and other important genealogical information.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898.

Collection Content

Service records may include the following information:

  • Soldier's name
  • Rank and military unit
  • Date of entry into service
  • Separation by discharge, desertion, or death
  • Film number
  • Digital image numbers
  • Surname range

Service records may also state:

  • Age
  • Place of birth
  • Residence at time of enlistment

Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the FamilySearch Catalog for complete information on film numbers.

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • Your ancestor's full name
  • Other identifying information such as residence and age

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Surname Range" which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family; it will often lead you to other records. For example:

  • Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or cemetery records.
  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been seeking the pension.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

What if I Can't Find Who I"m Looking For?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Adjutant General's Office. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898.