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{{FamilySearch Collection
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|CID=CID1880762
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
|title=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914
+
| CID=CID1880762  
|location=United States}}<br>
+
| title=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914  
 
+
| location=United States
== Record Description ==
+
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Military Enlistment Registers
 +
| record_group_nr = 94
 +
| record_group_title = Records of the Adjutant' General's Office, 1780s-1917
 +
| start_year = 1798
 +
| end_year = 1914
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M233
 +
| micro_pub_title = Registers of Enlistment in the United States Army, 1798-1914
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =81
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Enlistment between 1798-June 30, 1821 are in alphabetical order. Those from July 1821-1914 by date, then the first letter of the surname then by date of enlistment.
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/575272 575272]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914|US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Military Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War, 1846 to 1848]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Union Regular Army in the Civil War]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[United States Indian Wars, 1780-s-1890-s|United States Indian Wars, 1780's-1890's]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =  
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/575272?q=*:* NARA Registers of Enlistment Collection Description]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/army/enlisted-records-1789-1914.pdf NARA Reference Report Enlisted Service in the Regular Army,1798-1914]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/army/pensions-1775-1912.pdf NARA Reference Report Pensions for Service in the Regular Army,1775-1912]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [https://armyhistory.org/the-registry-of-the-american-soldier/ National Museum United States Army Registry of the American Soldier]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1198 Ancestry.com]
 +
}}
  
The collection consists of registers and index of men that enlisted in the army between 1798 and 1913. The registers are from the Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, DC NARA M233. The records are arranged chronologically, then by the first letter of the surname. ed of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. Therefore, this database will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a reserve or during wartime for limited periods of time, or in a military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.&nbsp;
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
The records in this collection cover the time period 1798 to 1914.&nbsp;
+
The collection consists of registers and index of men that enlisted in the United States Army between 1798 and 1914. The Regular Army is comprised of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. The registers are from the Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, DC NARA M233 part of Record Group 94 Records of the Adjutant General's.The records are arranged chronologically, then by the first letter of the surname.  The registers will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a militia or reserve unit  or in a volunteer military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.
  
The Regular Army is comprised of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. Therefore, this database will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a reserve or during wartime for limited periods of time, or in a military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.  
+
Key to Abbreviations (See Remarks Column)
 +
*D.R. Descriptive Rolls
 +
*Hospl. Ret. Hospital Return
 +
*I.R. Inspection Return
 +
*M.R. Muster Roll
 +
*Mo. Ret. Monthly Return
 +
*O.B. Order Book
 +
*Ord. Order
 +
*Pri. or Pvt. Private
 +
*Rect. or Rct. Recruit
 +
*Regtl. Regimental
 +
*R.R. Recruiting Return
 +
*S.A. I.R. Semi-annual Inspection Return
 +
*S.A.M.R. Semi-annual Muster Roll
 +
*“See Pension Case” is added to records, part or whole of which, were copied at the Pension Office.
 +
*Additional abbreviations will be found if Gardner’s Dictionary of the United States Army. See related digital books in this article.    
  
 
These records were created as a permanent record of those individuals who enlisted in the Army.  
 
These records were created as a permanent record of those individuals who enlisted in the Army.  
  
The records are generally reliable although some ages may have been falsified.  
+
The records are generally reliable although some ages may have been falsified. Physical descriptions will generally vary in height and hair color over time due to the observation (not direct measurement) of the officer recording the enlistment.  
  
For a list of records by dates and surnames currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1880762/waypoints Browse].
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1880762
 +
|title=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914
 +
}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M233. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
+
<gallery>
 
+
Image:United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (10-0709) DGS 4719503 291.jpg|Enlistment Register
[[United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
</gallery>
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
 +
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
 
The following information is generally found in these records:  
 
The following information is generally found in these records:  
 
[[Image:United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (10-0709) DGS 4719503 291.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*Name of enlistee  
 
*Name of enlistee  
Line 40: Line 95:
 
*Rank, company, and regiment  
 
*Rank, company, and regiment  
 
*Date and cause of discharge  
 
*Date and cause of discharge  
*Notes on death, desertion, apprehension, etc.
+
*Notes on death, desertion, apprehension, physical description, etc.
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To begin your search you will need to know the name of the soldier and other identifying information such as birth date an place.  
+
To begin your search you will need to know:
 +
*The name of the soldier.
 +
*The birth date and birth place of the soldier.
 +
*The county and state where your soldier lived at the time of enlistment.
  
==== Search the Collection ====
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1880762?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. If you are unable to find your ancestor check for variant spellings of the names as well as alias names.
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1880762/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒ Select the "Volume Number, Years, Letter of Surname Range" which takes you to the images<br>
  
To browse the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒ Select the "Volume Number, Years, Letter of Surname Range" which takes you to the images<br>
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at
 
[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
With either search keep in mind:
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1880762 United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
 +
 
 +
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s U. S. Army enlistment record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.  
 +
 
 +
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
 
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.  
 
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.  
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 +
*Allow for variations of physical descriptions since officers enlisting soldiers did not use measuring devices and standard lighting was not used. General trends will show through multiples enlistments.
 +
 +
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
Line 72: Line 141:
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== Related Digital Books ==
  
[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1198 Ancestry.com]  
+
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE107075&from=fhd Francis Heitman Historical Register and Dictionary of thee United States Army Volume 1]
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE107826&from=fhd Francis Heitman Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army volume 2]
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE83318&from=fhd Charles K. Gardner. History Dictionary of the United States Army]
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
=== Army Register ===
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/completeregulara1881hame Thomas  Hamersley. Complete Army Register of the United States,....  1779-1879]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/compilationofreg00gordrich William A. Gordon. A Compilation of Registers of the Army of the United States, from 1815 to 1837.  Washington, 1837]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1813unit 1813]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1866unit 1866]
 +
*[https://archive.org/stream/officialarmyregi1868unit#page/n5/mode/2up 1868]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1870unit 1870]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1874unit 1874]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1876unit 1876]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1882unit 1882]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1895unit 1895]
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/officialarmyregi1910unit 1910]
  
*[[US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914|US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914]]
+
==Citing this Collection==
*[[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]]
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
*[[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War, 1846 to 1848]]
 
*[[Union Service Records|Civil War Union Service Records]]
 
*[[United States Indian Wars, 1780-s-1890-s|United States Indian Wars, 1780's-1890's]]
 
*[[US Military Branches|US Military Branches]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914." Database with Images. ''FamilySearch''. http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp;: accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M233. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}<br><br>
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1880762
 +
|title=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1880762
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
|title=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914
 +
}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
  
"United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U. S. Army, 1798 - 1914," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VRQ6-MRH&nbsp;: accessed 29 Aug 2012), Geo W Custer, 1887; citing National Archives, Washington D.C., United States. National Archives and Records Administrtion, Washington, D.C., NARA Publication number M233, FHL film # 1319377, Salt Lake City, Utah.
 
  
[[Category:United_States]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Estados Unidos, Registros de Alistamento no Exército dos EUA (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 18:25, 24 May 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 .
CID1880762
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Military Enlistment Registers
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant' General's Office, 1780s-1917
Collection years 1798-1914
Microfilm Publication M233. Registers of Enlistment in the United States Army, 1798-1914. 81 rolls.
Arrangement Enlistment between 1798-June 30, 1821 are in alphabetical order. Those from July 1821-1914 by date, then the first letter of the surname then by date of enlistment.
National Archives Identifier 575272
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of registers and index of men that enlisted in the United States Army between 1798 and 1914. The Regular Army is comprised of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. The registers are from the Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, DC NARA M233 part of Record Group 94 Records of the Adjutant General's.The records are arranged chronologically, then by the first letter of the surname. The registers will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a militia or reserve unit or in a volunteer military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.

Key to Abbreviations (See Remarks Column)

  • D.R. Descriptive Rolls
  • Hospl. Ret. Hospital Return
  • I.R. Inspection Return
  • M.R. Muster Roll
  • Mo. Ret. Monthly Return
  • O.B. Order Book
  • Ord. Order
  • Pri. or Pvt. Private
  • Rect. or Rct. Recruit
  • Regtl. Regimental
  • R.R. Recruiting Return
  • S.A. I.R. Semi-annual Inspection Return
  • S.A.M.R. Semi-annual Muster Roll
  • “See Pension Case” is added to records, part or whole of which, were copied at the Pension Office.
  • Additional abbreviations will be found if Gardner’s Dictionary of the United States Army. See related digital books in this article.

These records were created as a permanent record of those individuals who enlisted in the Army.

The records are generally reliable although some ages may have been falsified. Physical descriptions will generally vary in height and hair color over time due to the observation (not direct measurement) of the officer recording the enlistment.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The following information is generally found in these records:

  • Name of enlistee
  • Age at time of enlistment
  • Physical description (color of eyes, hair, complexion and height)
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Date and place of enlistment and by whom
  • Rank, company, and regiment
  • Date and cause of discharge
  • Notes on death, desertion, apprehension, physical description, etc.

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you will need to know:

  • The name of the soldier.
  • The birth date and birth place of the soldier.
  • The county and state where your soldier lived at the time of enlistment.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "Volume Number, Years, Letter of Surname Range" which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s U. S. Army enlistment record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • Allow for variations of physical descriptions since officers enlisting soldiers did not use measuring devices and standard lighting was not used. General trends will show through multiples enlistments.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Digital Books

Army Register

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M233. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914.


Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.