United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 Record Content
- 3 How to Use the Record
- 4 Known Issues with This Collection
- 5 Related Websites
- 6 Related Wiki Articles
- 7 Contributions to This Article
- 8 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
The collection consists of registers and index of men that enlisted in the army between 1798 and 1913. The registers are from the Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, DC NARA M233. The records are arranged chronologically, then by the first letter of the surname. ed of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. Therefore, this database will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a reserve or during wartime for limited periods of time, or in a military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.
The records in this collection cover the time period 1798 to 1914.
The Regular Army is comprised of career soldiers and is maintained through peacetime. Therefore, this database will not usually include individuals who enlisted as part of a reserve or during wartime for limited periods of time, or in a military unit raised by a state. Data in these registers was compiled from a variety of other military records, including enlistment papers, muster rolls, and unit records.
These records were created as a permanent record of those individuals who enlisted in the Army.
The records are generally reliable although some ages may have been falsified.
For a list of records by dates and surnames currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
- "United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M233. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
The following information is generally found in these records:
- Name of enlistee
- Age at time of enlistment
- Physical description (color of eyes, hair, complexion and height)
- Date and place of enlistment and by whom
- Rank, company, and regiment
- Date and cause of discharge
- Notes on death, desertion, apprehension, etc.
How to Use the Record
To begin your search you will need to know the name of the soldier and other identifying information such as birth date an place.
Search the Collection
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. If you are unable to find your ancestor check for variant spellings of the names as well as alias names.
To browse the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "Volume Number, Years, Letter of Surname Range" which takes you to the images
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Related Wiki Articles
- US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914
- United States in the War of 1812
- Mexican War, 1846 to 1848
- Civil War Union Service Records
- United States Indian Wars, 1780's-1890's
- US Military Branches
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U. S. Army, 1798 - 1914," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VRQ6-MRH : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Geo W Custer, 1887; citing National Archives, Washington D.C., United States. National Archives and Records Administrtion, Washington, D.C., NARA Publication number M233, FHL film # 1319377, Salt Lake City, Utah.