United States World War II Prisoner of War Records
World War II Prisoners of War Data File
The National Archives has an online searchable database World War II Prisoners of War Data File, 12/7/1941 - 11/19/1946.
This series, part of Record Group 389, has information about U.S. military officers and soldiers and U.S. and some Allied civilians who were prisoners of war and internees.
The record for each prisoner provides serial number, personal name, branch of service or civilian status, grade, date reported, race, state of residence, type of organization, parent unit number and type, place of capture (theater of war), source of report, status, detaining power, and prisoner of war or civilian internee camp site. Records of prisoners of the Japanese who died also document whether the prisoner was on a Japanese ship that sank or if he or she died during transport from the Philippine Islands to Japan. There are no records for some prisoners of war whose names appear in the lists or cables transmitted to the Office of the Provost Marshal General by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The following guide will also be helpful in locating prisoner records:
- Records Relating to Personal Participation in World War II: American Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees by DeWhitt, Benjamin L., and Jennifer Davies Heaps, comps. Ref. Information Paper 80. Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Adminstration, 1992 (FHL book 973 A3rr) (Worldcat)