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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course Research: Quebec Non-Francophone Ancestors  by Althea Douglas M.A., CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).

Maps, Atlases and Gazetteers

  • Andreae, Christopher, Lines of Country: An Atlas of Railway and Waterway History in Canada, cartography Geoffrey Matthews (Erin Ontario: The Boston Mills Press, 1997).
  • Bouchette, Joseph, The British Dominions in North America; or a Topographical and Statistical Description of the Provinces of Lower and Upper Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, The Islands of Newfoundland, Prince Edward and Cape Breton…(2 volumes, London, 1832) Available in the Rare Book section of many reference libraries, Vol. I has particularly useful tabulations of the Townships surveyed and granted after 1795 in Lower Canada.
  • Concise Historical Atlas of Canada edited by William G. Dean et al. Cartography Geoffrey J. Matthew and Byron Moldofsky (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1998).
  • County Maps: Land Ownership Maps of Canada in the 19th Century', comp. Heather Maddick (Ottawa: National Map Collection, Public Archives of Canada, 1976).
  • County Atlases of Canada: a Descriptive Catalogue, compiled by Betty May, Frank McGuire and Heather Maddick, (Ottawa: National Map Collection, Public Archives of Canada, 1970).
  • Historical Atlas of Canada, Volume I, edited by R. Cole Harris (1987); Volume II, edited by R. Louis Gentilcore (1993) et al.; Volume III, edited by Donald Kerr (1990). Designer/cartographer Geoffrey J. Matthews (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press) 3 volumes.
  • Historical Atlas of Canada, editor D.G.G. Kerr (Don Mills, Ontario: Thomas Nelson and Sons [Canada] Ltd., three editions 1961, 1966, 1975) A slim single volume, probably more widely available than the newer 3 Vol. publication of the same name. Excellent for finding the dates and changes made in territorial boundaries of Québec and Canada.

Eastern Townships

  • Historical Atlas of Québec Eastern Townships: Illustrated Atlas of the Eastern Townships and South Western Québec, H. Belden and Co. 1881, reprint edition, editor Ross Cumming (Port Elgin, Ontario, 1972).
  • The Eastern Townships Gazetteer and General Business Directory…Containing Also Much Useful Information of a Miscellaneous Character (St Johns/St-Jean, Québec: Smith and Co., Proprietors of the “News”, 1867) Reprinted by Page-Sangster Inc., 1967.

Military and Militia

  • British Orders and Awards. (London: Kaye and Ward Ltd., 2nd edition, 1959) Lists all the awards, honours and medals, with notes on military and other ranks.
  • Cooke, Owen, The Canadian Military Experience, 1867-1983: A Bibliography (Ottawa: 1983).
  • Officers of the British Forces in Canada During the War of 1812-15, compiled by L. Homfray Irving, Hon. Librarian Canadian Military Institute (Welland: Tribune Printers, 1908) Some data on regular British army, but for the most part lists Upper and Lower Canada Militia Officers compiled from land grants, pay lists, etc. Also lists Naval forces in the Great Lakes.
  • O’Byrne, William R., A Naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and service of every living officer in Her Majesty’s Navy…(London, 1849) Details of the naval career of every officer alive in 1849.
  • The Service of British Regiments in Canada and North America: a resume, compiled by Charles H. Stewart (Ottawa: Department of National Defence Library, 1962) Copies of this typescript document are available in most major research and legislature libraries, including a few in the USA.
  • British Army Pensioners Abroad. comp. Norman K. Crowder (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995) Listed by regiment.
  • Royal Hospital Chelsea Soldiers’ Documents: Manuscript Group (MG)13, War Office (W.O.) 97. Archives of Canada - Quick Guide Series: Manuscript Division: Number 1.
  • The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Army Historical Section (Ottawa: Department of National Defence, 1964).

Look For Articles By

  • Lépine, Luc, whose speciality is Lower Canada Militia Officers 1812-1815, both French and English, some listings published in Connections, QFHS.
  • Wright, Glenn T., senior archivist In the Government Archives Division, NA, has presented a number of papers on Canadian Military Records, many have been published in the annual OGS Seminar Proceedings or Syllabus or in Families.

See Also

  • Encyclopedia of Canada, “Militia” (Vol. 4, pages 290-294).
  • Tracing Your Ancestors in Canada (Ottawa: Archives, revised edition 1998). “Military and Naval Records” (pages 33-37) provides a concise summary of records available at the NAC, Ottawa.



  • Les rapports des Archives nationales du Québec, 1920-1975, a collection of 53 volumes, over 20,000 pages, is available on CD/cédérom ($200 plus tax and shipping). These reports include important transcripts of documents and lists. The ANQ Rapports are thoroughly indexed for names at the end of each volume, and though the material concentrates on the earlier years, before 1800, they are a valuable source of information.

Social History and Geography

  • Bellavance, Marcel, A Village in Transition: Compton, Québec, 1880-1920 (Ottawa: Environment Canada, Parks Canada, 1982). Available in French.
  • Greer, Alan, Peasant, Lord and Merchant: Rural Society in Three Québec Parishes 1740-1840 (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1985, reprint 1987). Background on South Shore Region.
  • Harris, Richard Colebrook, The Seigneurial System in Early Canada. (Madison, Milwaukee and London: The University of Wisconsin Press; Québec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 1966) Still in print.
  • Harris, R. Cole, and John Warkentin, Canada Before Confederation: A Study in Historical Geography (New York, London, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1974) A valuable survey of how and why the country was settled, including varieties of land divisions. “Québec in the Century After the Conquest” (Chapter 3) is required reading for any genealogist working in the province.
  • The Loyalists of the Eastern Townships of Québec (Stanbridge East, Québec: Sir John Johnson Centennial Branch U.E.L. Association, 1984) Index to The Loyalists…, Privately printed November 1992. Linda Corupe, U.E., 210 Allan Drive, Bolton, Ontario L7E 1Y7.
  • Little, John I., Crofters and Habitants: Settler Society, Economy and Culture in a Québec Township, 1848-1881 (Kingston, Montréal, London: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1991) The Child Letters: Public and Private Life in a Canadian Merchant-Politician’s Family, 1841-1845 (Montréal and Kingston: McGill Queen’s University Press, 1995) [Marcus Child, of Stanstead] and many papers and booklets; many dealing with Stanstead and Compton Co. These are listed on the Simon Frazer University - Jack Little website
  • McCallum, John, Unequal Beginnings: Agriculture and Economic Development in Québec and Ontario until 1870 (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1980) Useful background material.


Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course Research: Quebec Non-Francophone Ancestors offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.

Category:Canada Category:Quebec