Utah, Indian War Service Affidavits (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Utah, Indian War Service Affidavits, 1909-1917 .
The collection consists of images of service affidavits of veterans who served in the militia during the Indian Wars. The collection is numerical by box and folder, then alphabetical by surname. There are three types of affidavit forms:
- Widow or child
In most cases, there will be two images per affidavit.
The collection covers the years 1909 to 1917.
The Indian War lasted between 1865 and 1890. Nineteen years after the war ended, the legislature created a Board of Commissioners of Indian War Records. The board was responsible for collecting the names of war veterans. Veterans completed affidavits of service while two witnesses also completed supporting affidavits. The affidavits were then filed in the office of the chairman of the board, the Adjutant General of the State, and were used to verify pension claims.
The affidavits were created to assist in validating pension claims.
These records are generally reliable, but depend on the memory of the veteran or the knowledge of the wife or children.
For a list of records by surnames currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Utah, Indian War Service Affidavits, 1909-1917" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing State Archives, Salt Lake City.
The affidavits are written on a pre-printed form and may provide:
- Veteran's name
- Name of the county in which he took oath
- Date of enrollment
- Type of company
- Captain's name
- Length of service
- Transfer dates
- Description of duties
- Date of release
- Names of two witnesses
If a veteran was deceased, his wife or children could fill out an affidavit in his place.
How to Use the Record
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Surname Range, Box Number and Folder Number" category which takes you to the images
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
To begin your search you will need to know the following:
- Full name
- Approximate dates of service
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.
- Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
You may also find these search tips helpful:
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been seeking the pension.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- Ancestry.com: About Utah Index to Indian War Service Affidavits
- Commissioner of Indian War Records Indian War Service Affidavits
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Utah, Indian War Service Affidavits, 1909-1917" images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 6 October 2011). Rodney C Badger, 22 April 1867; citing Service Records, Babcock-Barus, Box 1, Folder 5. Images 9-14; Utah State Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.