Valencia County, New Mexico Genealogy
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Web Sites
- 7 References
Valencia County Courthouse
444 Luna Ave; PO Box 1119
Los Lunas, NM 87031-1119
County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records from 1900; District Court Clerk has divorce and court records.
- Up until 1821 - New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
- From 1821 until 1846 - Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
- 22 September 1846 - Valencia County was created based on an old Mexican government partido as one of seven original New Mexico counties under General Stephen W. Kearny's Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory. It formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
- 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Valencia county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.   There is a small chance that a few records from 1846 to 1963 in what is now Arizona may have been sent to courthouses in their respective New Mexico counties.
- 29 December 1863 Arizona's three judicial districts were established by the Arizona Territory Organic Act from the western half of New Mexico Territory. All previous counties were dissolved, and eventually four new counties were created in the new Arizona Territory.
- 19 June 1981 Valencia county lost the westernmost four-fifths to the creation of Cibola county.
For tips on accessing Valencia County, New Mexico Genealogy census records online, see: New Mexico Census.
LDS Ward and Branch Records
Bluewater and Ramah Wards were originally within Valencia county. But in 1894, Ramah was placed in the new county of McKinley. Then in 1981, Bluewater was placed in the new county of Cibola.
Land Records are located at the County Clerks Office of Valencia County NM
Most of the land in New Mexico was originally obtained from the US federal government by a patent. These General Land Office Records are searchable online and most have free images of patents to download. The minimum information needed for a search is the state where the land is located and the name of the person receiving the patent. Surveys and Land Status Records can also be searched here.
Valencia county NM Newspapers found at Library of Congress
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
- Introduction to LDS Family History Centers
- Los Lunas New Mexico Family History Center
- Los Lunas, New Mexico
- USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
- Family History Library Catalog
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Valencia County, New Mexico page 475, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 5” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
- Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).
- N.M. Laws 1981, 35th reg. sess., ch. 24/pp. 76-80