Valencia County, New Mexico Genealogy
Guide to Valencia County New Mexico genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Valencia County, New Mexico|
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
|Founded||September 22, 1846|
|County Seat||Los Lunas|
|Address|| Valencia County Courthouse|
444 Luna Ave; PO Box 1119
Los Lunas, NM 87031-1119
Valencia County Website
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Web Sites
- 7 References
Valencia County Courthouse
444 Luna Ave; PO Box 1119
Los Lunas, NM 87031-1119
County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records from 1900; District Court Clerk has divorce and court records.
- Until 1821 - New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
- In 1821 - Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
- 22 September 1846 - Valencia County was created based on an old Mexican government partido as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory. Code named after General Stephen W. Kearny
- 1848 - Valencia county formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
- 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Valencia county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.   Residents living far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
- 24 February 1863 Arizona Territory created from the western half of New Mexico Territory. Valencia County reduced in size to that portion still within New Mexico Territory.
- 16 March 1903 - VALENCIA county lost land to creation of LEONARD WOOD county (now GUADALUPE county). 
- 1 January 1905 - VALENCIA county lost land to the creation of TORRANCE county. 
- 17 March 1981 Valencia county lost the westernmost four-fifths to the creation of Cibola County, New Mexico.
See also Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona for further details.
Cemeteries of Valencia County, New Mexico at Find A Grave
For tips on accessing Valencia County, New Mexico Genealogy census records online, see: New Mexico Census.
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page. LDS Ward and Branch Records
Bluewater and Ramah Wards were originally within Valencia county. But in 1894, Ramah was placed in the new county of McKinley. Then in 1981, Bluewater was placed in the new county of Cibola.
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
Land Records are located at the County Clerks Office of Valencia County NM
Most of the land in New Mexico was originally obtained from the US federal government by a patent. These General Land Office Records are searchable online and most have free images of patents to download. The minimum information needed for a search is the state where the land is located and the name of the person receiving the patent. Surveys and Land Status Records can also be searched here.
Local histories are available for Valencia County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.
- New Mexico Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.
- Valencia county NM Newspapers found at Library of Congress
Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.
See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.
The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.
Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.
New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.
Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office
Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court
Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
- Introduction to LDS Family History Centers
- Los Lunas New Mexico Family History Center
- Los Lunas, New Mexico
- USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
- Family History Library Catalog
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Valencia County, New Mexico page 475, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 5” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
- U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 69/pp. 127-131
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 70/pp. 132-134
- N.M. Laws 1981, 35th reg. sess., ch. 24/pp. 76-80