Difference between revisions of "Vanuatu Genealogy"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "http://forums.familysearch.org/en" to "https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en")
m
 
(29 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Image:New Caledonia and Vanuatu map.png|thumb|right|325px]] ''[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide ]] >  Vanuatu''  
+
''[[Australia and Oceania|Oceania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''''[[Vanuatu_Genealogy|Vanuatu]]'''{{Vanuatu-sidebar}}Guide to '''Vanuatu ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
 +
==Country Information==
  
=== General Information  ===
+
Vanuatu is an island country in Oceania. Its nearest neighbors are [[Australia Genealogy|Australia]], [[Fiji Genealogy|Fiji]], and [[New Caledonia Genealogy|New Caledonia]]. It was formerly ruled by the [[England Genealogy|Great Britain]] and [[France Genealogy|France]]. The official languages are Bislama, French, and English.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Vanuatu," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,'' https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanuatu, accessed 20 April 2016.</ref>
  
'''Vanuatu (New Hebrides)''' Island group republic that helps to separate the Coral Sea from the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu is east of the northern part of Australia, west of Fiji, and northeast of New Caledonia.<br>
+
==Getting Started ==
 +
{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 +
|-
 +
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-right: 15px;"|
 +
<h3>Getting Started with Vanuatu Research</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with Vanuatu research.
 +
*[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]]
 +
*[[Vanuatu Research Tips and Strategies|Research Strategies]]
  
Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French,[[Image:Vanuatu.png|thumb|right|350px]] who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.<br>
+
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
 +
<h3>Vanuatu Research Tools</h3>
 +
Links to articles and websites that assist in Vanuatu research.
 +
*
 +
*
 +
|}
  
<br>
+
[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=Genealogy_Help_on_Facebook]]
  
This archipelago is made up of over 80 islands where over 113 languages are spoken, including [[Image:Vanuatu slit drums.jpg|thumb|right|200px]]''English and French. Bislama'', a ''Pidgin English,'' is also spoken there. The ''ni-Vanuatu ''follow traditional custom, or “''kastom,” ''which has been passed on for generations. It is an ongoing cycle of ritual from birth, to initiation, to marriage, to death. The population is about 190,000. 94 percent are ''ni-Vanuatu'', of ''Melanesian'' descent. The rest are ''European, Vietnamese, Chinese'', and other Pacific islanders. The population’s religious groups include Anglican, Catholic, and Presbyterian.<br>
+
==Vanuatu Map==
 +
[[Image:Vanuatu.png|thumb|center|250px|Vanuatu.png]]
 +
<div style="clear:both"></div>
  
=== Historical Background  ===
+
==FamilySearch Resources==
 +
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
 +
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Vanuatu Family History Center locator map]
  
'''B.C. '''The first settlers arrive from New Guinea and the Solomon Islands by canoe.<br>'''1200''' It is part of the kingdom of Tonga.<br>'''1606''' It is visited by the Spanish explorer Pedro Fernandez de Queiro who named them “''Espiritu Santo''.”<br>'''1768''' The Frenchman, Alexandre de Bougainville, put ashore on ''Aoba, Pentecost'', and ''Maewo'' and named them the “''Cyclades''” and named the strait between the islands after himself.<br>'''1774''' Vanuatu is explored by Captain James Cook, who renames them ''New Hebrides'' after the islands off Scotland.<br>'''1800''' English missionaries begin arriving. The population is about one million. Foreigners begin stripping the islands of sandalwood and introducing diseases.<br>'''1860''' Natives are kidnapped to work on sugar and cotton plantations in Queensland, Australia and Fiji.<br>'''1875''' French Tanners, who are Catholic settlers, petition France to annex the islands.<br>'''1876''' English Presbyterian missionaries petition England to annex the islands.<br>'''1887''' The islands were placed under an English and French Naval commission. Records are kept in both French and English.<br>'''1901''' Australia introduces the ''Pacific Islands Labour Bill'', ending the kidnapping (''blackbirding)'' of islanders.<br>'''1906''' A condominium government run by England and France is established.<br>'''1935''' Due to diseases and kidnaping, the native population has fallen to 45,000.<br>'''1940''' Allied forces use the island as a base. Roads are built, and wages are good for the natives.<br>'''1960''' European settlers claim over 30 percent of the land.<br>'''1974''' Mormon missionaries begin proselyting there.<br>'''1978''' The condominium government ceases.<br>'''1980''' The islands become independent as Vanuatu. Most French nationals leave and the land is reverted entirely to the indigenous ''ni-Vanuatu''.<br>'''1991''' A coalition led by Prime Minister Maxime Carlot governs Vanuatu.
+
==References==
 +
<references/>
  
'''2008''' There are 3,521 LDS Church members in Vanuatu.
+
__NOTOC__
 +
[[Category:Vanuatu]][[Category:Sidebar templates]]
  
=== Resources Available  ===
+
{{Pacific}} <br>{{ featured article }}
 
+
*In Vanuatu, records are difficult to figure out because of the condominium government.
+
*Until the 1970's, France and Great Britain were joint colonizers of the island. Records are in both languages. Jurisdiction of records is mixed between religious and government entities.
+
*Resources available are similar to [[French Polynesia: Marquesas Islands, Tuamotu Islands, Gambier Islands, Society Islands (includes Tahiti), Austral Islands|''French Polynesia'']] in record keeping practices, which means that you must get someone who knows French, English, and your native language to help us to find and use the records.
+
 
+
The ''Family History Library Catalog'' lists under '''''Vanuatu—Church Records''''', the minute books, 1857 - 1938 of the New Hebrides Presbyterian Mission Synod (Vanuatu) as '''VAULT INTL Film 1368977'''.<br>Also, South Sea Evangelical Mission, formerly Queensland Kanaka Mission, archives microfilm numbers '''FHL BRITISH Library Attendant’s Window 2203013, 2203014, 2203015, 2203016,''' and '''2203017.'''<br>Also, Birth Records for Tongariki Island, Vanuatu, 1927 - 1987. '''VAULT INTL Film 2224140 item 5.'''
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
{{Forum badge
+
| layout = vertical
+
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/forumdisplay.php?f=10
+
| name = Oceania Research Forum
+
}}
+
 
+
<br>{{Pacific}} <br>{{ featured article }}  
+
 
+
[[Category:Vanuatu]] [[Category:Pacific_Island_Research]]
+

Latest revision as of 17:07, 26 July 2016

Oceania Gotoarrow.png Vanuatu

Vanuatu Wiki Topics
Flag of Vanuatu.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Vanuatu Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources

Guide to Vanuatu ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information

Vanuatu is an island country in Oceania. Its nearest neighbors are Australia, Fiji, and New Caledonia. It was formerly ruled by the Great Britain and France. The official languages are Bislama, French, and English.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with Vanuatu Research

Links to articles on getting started with Vanuatu research.

Vanuatu Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Vanuatu research.

Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Vanuatu Map

Vanuatu.png

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Vanuatu," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanuatu, accessed 20 April 2016.