Virginia, Surry County Marriage Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Virginia, Surry County Marriage Records, 1735-1950 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 How to Use the Record
- 3 Record History
- 4 Related Web Sites
- 5 Related Wiki Articles
- 6 Contributions to This Article
- 7 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
- 8 Sources of Information for This Collection
Most of this collection consists of Certificates to Obtain a Marriage License, Marriage Bonds and Consents, Marriage Licenses, and Marriage Returns. The records are arranged by volume and year range. The type of record and time period varies between counties. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page.
Key genealogical facts usually found in marriage records are:
- Name of bride and groom
- Date of marriage license
- Age of bride and groom
- Residence of bride and groom
- Marriage date
- Marriage place
- Name of person performing the marriage
Later records may also include the following:
- Birthplace of bride and groom
- Name of bride and groom’s parents
- Occupation of bride and groom
- Number of times previously married
- Witnesses to the marriage
- Residence of witnesses
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The county where the marriage occurred.
- The name of the person at the time of marriage.
- The approximate marriage date.
- The marriage place.
- The name of the intended spouse.
Compare the information in the marriage record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
- Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
- Use the residence to locate church and land records.
- The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
- Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
- Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
Keep in mind:
- The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
- Check for a different index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume.
- Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Marriages were usually recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.
Why this Record Was Created
Counties recorded marriages to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.
The marriage date, place, and residence of the bride and groom are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age or birthplace, is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.
Related Web Sites
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Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection
"Virginia, Surry County Marriage Records, 1735-1950." index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 6 May 2011). entry for John Hunnicutt and Martha Binns, permission to marry 26 January 1778; citing Marriage Records, Certificate to obtain a marriage license, 1735-1787, Image 30; Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
Sources of Information for This Collection
“Virginia, Surry County Marriage Records, 1735-1950,” images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from Surry County (Virginia) Registrar of Deeds. FHL Digital images, 166 folders. Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.
- Surry County, Virginia. Certificates to obtain a Marriage License, 1735-1787, 1844-1917. Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
- Surry County, Virginia. Marriage Bonds, 1768, 1771-1820. Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
- Surry County, Virginia. Marriage Bonds and Consents, 1821-1850. Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
- Surry County, Virginia. Marriage Returns, 1785-1854. Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
- Surry County, Virginia. Marriage Licenses, 1900-1950. Surry County Courthouse, Surry, Virginia.
The above citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.