Virginia County Creation Dates and Parent Counties

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County

Name of County Date Formed Parent County Progeny County
Accawmack 1634 Colonial lands renamed Northampton 1642
Accomack 1661 Northampton none
Albemarle 16 Oct 1744 Goochland, Louisa Fluvanna 1777, Charlotteville (city), Bedford 1753, Buckingham 1758
Alleghany 05 Jan 1822 Bath, Botetourt, Monroe Clifton Forge (city), Amherst 1758, Craig 1851, Covington 1954
Amelia 30 Sep 1734 Brunswick, Prince George Nottoway 1788, Prince Edward 1753
Amherst 07 Apr 1761 Albemarle Nelson 1807
Appomattox 08 Feb 1845 Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Prince Edward none
Arlington 1920 renamed from Alexandria none
Augusta 15 Dec 1738 Orange Bath 1790, Botetourt 1769, Frederick 1738, Hampshire 1753, Illinois 1778, Monongalia 1776, Ohio 1776, Pendleton 1787, Rockingham 1778, Staunton (city), Yohogania 1776, Rockbridge 1776
Barbour 03 Mar 1843 Harrison, Lewis, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Bath 14 Dec 1790 Augusta, Botetourt, Greenbrier Highland 1847, Alleghany 1822, Pendleton 1787, Pocahontas 1821
Bedford 13 Dec 1753 Albemarle, Lunenburg Bedford (city), Campbell 1781, Franklin 1785
Berkeley 24 Mar 1772 Frederick in State of West Virginia
Bland 30 Mar 1861 Giles, Tazewell, Wythe none

Boone

11 Mar 1847 Kanawha, Cabell, Logan in State of West Virginia
Botetourt 28 Nov 1769 Augusta, Rockbridge Bath 1790, Craig 1851, Fincastle 1772, Greenbrier 1778, Monroe 1799, Montgomery 1776, Roanoke 1838, Rockbridge 1776, Alleghany 1822
Bourbon 29 Dec 1785 Fayette in State of Kentucky
Braxton 15 Jan 1836 Kanawha, Lewis, Nicholas, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Brooke 30 Nov 1796 Ohio in State of West Virginia
Brunswick 17 Dec 1720 Prince Geore, Surry, isle of Wight Amelia 1734, Greensville 1780, Lunenburg 1746
Buchanan 16 Feb 1858 Russell, Tazewell Dickenson 1880
Buckingham 07 Apr 1758 Albermarle, Appomattox Cumberland 1748, Appomattox 1845
Cabell 02 Jan 1809 Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Calhoun 05 Mar 1859 Gilmer in State of West Virginia
Campbell 15 Dec 1781 Bedford Lynchburg (city), Appomattox 1845
Caroline 15 Mar 1727 Essex, King and Queen, King William none
Carroll 17 Jan 1842 Grayson, Patrick Galax (city)
Charles City 1634 Colonial lands Prince George 1702
Charlotte 27 Nov 1764 Lunenburg Appomattox 1845
Chesterfield 01 May 1749 Henrico Powhatan 1777
Clarke 08 Mar 1836 Frederick none
Clay 29 Mar 1858 Braxton, Nicholas in State of West Virginia
Craig 21 Mar 1851 Alleghany, Botetourt, Giles, Montgomery, Monroe, Roanoke none
Culpeper 23 Mar 1748 Orange Madison 1792, Rappahannock 1833
Cumberland 23 Mar 1748 Goochland, Buckingham Powhatan 1777
Dickenson 27 Feb 1880 Buchanan, Russell, Wise none
Dinwiddie 09 Mar 1752 Prince George Colonial Heights (city), Petersburg (city)
Doddridge 04 Feb 1845 Harrison, Tyler, Ritchie, Lewis in State of West Virginia
Dunmore 24 Mar 1772 Frederick renamed Shenandoah 1778
Elizabeth City 1634 Colonial lands annexed to city of Hampton 1952
Essex 26 Apr 1694 old Rappahannock Spotsylvania 1720, Caroline 1727
Fairfax 24 May 1742 Prince William, Loudoun Fairfax (city), Falls Church (city), Loudoun 1757
Fauquier 05 Apr 1758 Prince William none
Fayette 28 Feb 1831 Kanawha, Greenbrier, Logan, Nicholas in State of West Virginia
Fayette (old) 30 Jun 1780 State of Virginia in State of Kentucky
Fincastle 08 Apr 1772 Botetourt Kentucky 1777, Montgomery 1776, Washington 1776
Floyd 15 Jan 1831 Montgomery, Franklin none
Fluvanna 03 Jun 1777 Albemarle none
Franklin 29 Nov 1785 Bedford, Henry, Patrick Floyd 1831
Frederick 15 Dec 1738 Orange, Augusta Berkeley 1772, Clarke 1839, Dunmore 1772, Hampshire 1753, Shenandoah 1772, Warren 1836, Winchester (city)
Giles 16 Jan 1806 Montgomery, Monroe, Mercer, Tazewell, Craig, Wythe Bland 1861, Craig 1851, Logan 1824, Mercer 1837
Gilmer 03 Feb 1845 Lewis, Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Gloucester 1651 York Mathews 1790
Goochland 06 Mar 1727 Henrico Albemarle 1744, Cumberland 1748
Grayson 07 Nov 1792 Patrick, Wythe Carroll 1742, Galax (city), Wythe 1789
Greenbrier 12 Jan 1778 Botetourt, Fayette, Monroe, Montgomery Bath 1790, in State of West Virginia
Greene 24 Jan 1838 Orange none
Greensville 28 Nov 1780 Brunswick, Sussex Emporia (city)
Halifax 17 Apr 1752 Lunenburg Pittsylvania 1766, South Boxton (city)
Hampshire 13 Dec 1753 Augusta, Hardy, Frederick in State of West Virginia
Hancock 15 Jan 1848 Brooke in State of West Virginia
Hanover 20 Nov 1720 New Kent Louisa 1742
Hardy 10 Dec 1785 Hampshire in State of West Virginia
Harrison 04 Jun 1784 Randolph, Ohio, Monongalia in State of West Virginia
Henrico 1634 Colonial lands Chesterfield 1749, Goochland 1727, Richmond (city)
Henry 23 Oct 1776 Patrick, Pittsylvania Franklin 1785, Martinsville (city), Patrick 1790
Highland 19 Mar 1847 Bath, Pendleton none
Illinois 09 Dec 1778 Augusta ceded to US Government (part of Northwest Territory, 1787)
Isle of Wight 1634 Warrosquoyoake Brunswick 1720, Southampton 1749
Jackson 01 Mar 1831 Kanawha, Mason, Wood, Wirt in State of West Virginia
James City 1634 Colonial lands New Kent 1654, Surry 1752
Jefferson (old) 30 Jun 1780 Virginia state lands in State of Kentucky
Jefferson (new) 08 Jan 1801 Berkeley in State of West Virginia
Kanawha 14 Nov 1788 Fayette, Greenbrier, Montgomery in State of West Virginia
Kentucky 07 Dec 1777 Fincastle as the State of Kentucky
King and Queen 12 May 1691 New Kent King William 1701, Spotsylvania 1720, Caroline 1727
King George 24 Nov 1720 Richmond, Westmoreland Prince William 1730
King William 12 Sep 1701 King and Queen Caroline 1727, Spotsylvania 1720
Lancaster 1651 York, Northumberland Middlesex 1673, Old Rappahannock 1656
Lee 25 Oct 1792 Russell, Scott Scott 1814, Wise 1856
Lewis 18 Dec 1816 Harrison, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Lincoln 30 Jun 1780 Kentucky in State of Kentucky
Logan 12 Jan 1824 Kanawha, Cabell, Giles in State of West Virginia
Loudoun 17 May 1757 Fairfax none
Louisa 02 Jun 1742 Hanover Albemarle 1744
Lower Norfolk 1637 New Norfolk Norfolk 1691, Princess Anne 1691
Lunenburg 01 Apr 1746 Brunswick Bedford 1753, Charlotte 1764, Halifax 1752, Mecklenburg 1764
Madison 05 Dec 1792 Culpeper none
Marion 14 Jan 1742 Harrison, Monongalia in State of West Virginia
Mason 03 Jan 1804 Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Mathews 16 Dec 1790 Gloucester none
MCDowell 20 Feb 1858 Tazewell in State of West Virginia
Mecklenburg 27 Nov 1764 Lunenburg none
Mercer (old) 15 Dec 1785 Lincoln in State of Kentucky
Mercer (new) 17 Mar 1837 Giles, Tazewell in State of West Virginia
Middlesex 1673 Lancaster none
Montgomery 07 Dec 1776 Fincastle, Botetourt, Pulaski Craig 1851, Floyd 1831, Giles 1806, Greenbrier 1778, Kanawha 1788, Pulaski 1839, Radford (city), Roanoke 1838, Wythe 1789, Washington 1776
Monongalia 09 Nov 1776 Augusta, Preston in State of West Virginia
Monroe 15 Jan 1799 Greenbrier, Botetourt in State of West Virginia
Morgan 09 Feb 1820 Berkeley, hampshire in State of West Virginia
Nansemond 1637 renamed from Upper Norfolk Nansemond (city), Southampton 1749
Nelson (old) 29 Nov 1785 Jefferson in State of Kentucky
Nelson (new) 23 Dec 1807 Amherst none
New Kent 1654 York, James City Hanover 1720, King and Queen 1691
New Norfolk 1636 Elizabeth City Lower Norfolk 1637, Upper Norfolk 1637
Nicholas 30 Jan 1818 Greenbrier, Kanawha, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Norfolk 16 May 1691 Lower Norfolk absorbed by Chesapeake 1963
Northampton 1634 Colonial lands Accomack 1661
Northumberland 1648 York Lancaster 1651, Westmoreland 1653
Nottoway 23 Dec 1788 Amelia none
Ohio 06 Nov 1776 Augusta, Yohogania in State of West Virginia
Orange 20 Sep 1734 Spotsylvania Augsuta 1738, Culpeper 1748, Frederick 1738, Greene 1838
Page 30 Mar 1831 Rockingham, Shenandoah none
Patrick 26 Nov 1790 Henry Carroll 1842, Franklin 1785, Grayson 1792
Pendleton 04 Dec 1787 Augusta, Bath, Hardy, Rockingham Highland 1847, (in state of West Virginia)
Pittsylvania 15 Dec 1766 Halifax Danville (city), Henry 1776
Pleasants 29 Mar 1851 Ritchie, Tyler, Wood in State of West Virginia
Pocahontas 21 Dec 1821 Pendleton, Randolph, Bath, Greenbrier in State of West Virginia
Powhatan 03 Jun 1777 Cumberland, Chesterfield none
Preston 19 Jan 1818 Monongalia, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Prince Edward 17 Nov 1753 Amelia Appomattox 1845
Prince George 25 Aug 1702 Charles City Amelia 1734, Brunswick 1720, Dinwiddie 1752, Hopewell (city)
Prince William 17 Jun 1730 King George, Stafford Fairfax 1742, Fauquier 1758
Princess Anne 16 May 1691 Lower Norfolk annexed to Virginia Beach (city)
Pulaski 30 Mar 1839 Montgomery, Wythe none
Putnam 11 Mar 1848 Kanawha, Mason, Cabell in State of West Virginia
Raleigh 23 Jan 1850 Fayette in State of West Virginia
Rappahannock (new) 18 Feb 1833 Culpepper none
Rappahannock (old) 1656 Lancaster dissolved to Essex 1694, Richmond 1692
Richmond 26 Apr 1692 old Rappahannock King George 1720
Ritchie 18 Feb 1843 Harrison, Lewis, Wood in State of West Virginia
Roane 11 Mar 1856 Kanawha, Jackson, Gilmer in State of West Virginia
Roanoke 30 Mar 1838 Botetourt, Montgomery Craig 1851, Roanoke (city), Salem (city)
Rockbridge 12 Jan 1778 Augusta, Botetourt Buena Vista (city), Lexington (city)
Rockingham 12 Jan 1778 Augusta Harrisonburg (city), Pendleton 1787
Russell 06 Jan 1786 Washington Dickenson1 880, Lee 1792, Buchanan 1858, Scott 1814, Tazewell 1799, Wise 1856
Scott 24 Nov 1814 Lee, Russell, Washington Wise 1856
Shenandoah 12 Jan 1778 renamed from Dunmore Page 1831, Warren 1836
Smyth 23 Feb 1832 Washington, Wythe none
Southampton 20 Apr 1749 Isle of Wight, Nansemond Franklin (city)
Spotsylvania 17 Dec 1720 Essex, King and Queen, King William Fredericksburg (city), Orange 1734
Stafford 1664 Westmoreland Prince William 1730
Surry 1652 James City Brunswick 1720, Sussex 1753
Sussex 28 Nov 1753 Surry Greensville 1780
Taylor 19 Jan 1844 Barbour, Harrison, Marion, Preston in State of West Virginia
Tazewell 20 Dec 1799 Russell, Wythe Bland 1861, Buchanan 1858, Giles 1861, McDowell 1858, Mercer 1837
Tucker 07 Mar 1856 Randolph in State of West Virginia
Tyler 03 Dec 1814 Ohio in State of West Virginia
Upper Norfolk 1637 New Norfolk renamed Nansemond 1637
Upshur 27 Mar 1851 Randolph, Barbour, Lewis in State of West Virginia
Warren 09 Mar 1836 Frederick, Shenandoah none
Warrosquoyacke 1634 Colonial lands renamed Isle of Wight 1634
Warwick 1642 renamed from Warwick River Warwick (city)
Washington 07 Dec 1776 Fincastle, Montgomery Bristol (city), Russell 1786, Scott 1814, Smyth 1832
Wayne 18 Jan 1842 Cabell in State of West Virginia
Webster 10 Jan 1860 Braxton, Nicholas, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Westmoreland Jul 1653 Numberland, King George Stafford 1664
Wetzel 10 Jan 1846 Tyler in State of West Virginia
Wirt 19 Jan 1848 Wood, Jackson in State of West Virginia
Wise 16 Feb 1856 Lee, Russell, Scott Dickenson 1880, Norton (city)
Wood 22 Dec 1798 Harrison, Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Woodford 12 Nov 1788 Fayette in State of Kentucky
Wyoming 26 Jan 1850 Logan in State of West Virginia
Wythe 01 Dec 1789 Montgomery, Grayson Bland 1861, Grayson1 792, Giles 1806, Pulaski 1839, Smyth 1732, Tazewell 1799
Yohogania 06 Nov 1776 Augusta ceded to Pennsylvania 1786, small added to Ohio (West Virginia)
York 1634 Colonial lands Gloucester 1651, New Kent 1654, Lancaster 1654, Northumberland 1648

Independent Cities

Name of Independent City Date Formed Parent County Notes:
Alexandria 1852 Arlington
Barton Heights 1896-1914 Henrico annexed by Richmond 1914
Bedford 1968 Bedford
Bristol 1890 Washington part of city in Sullivan Co., Tennessee
Buena Vista 1892 Rockbridge
Charlottesville 1888 Albermarle doubles as county seat
Chesapeake 1963 Norfolk portion transferred to Portsmouth 1968
Clifton Forge 1906 Alleghany dissolved, reincorporated as a town 2001
Colonial Heights 1948 Chesterfield
Covington 1952 Alleghany
Danville 1890 Pittsylvania absorbed North Danville (aka Neapolis) 1896
Emporia 1967 Greensville doubles as county seat
Fairfax 1961 Fairfax doubles as county seat
Falls Church 1948 Fairfax
Franklin Southampton formerly Southampton
Fredericksburg 1879 Spotsylvania
Galax 1954 Carroll, Grayson formerly Bonaparte
Hampton 1908 Elizabeth City (County) absorbed Phoebus and Elizabeth City County 1952
Harrisonburg 1849 Rockingham doubles as county seat
Hopewell 1916 Prince George City Point until 1913
Lexington 1778 Rockbridge doubles as county seat
Lynchburg 1852 Campbell
Manassas 1975 Prince William
Manassas Park 1975 Prince William
Manchester 1874-1910 Chesterfield merged with City of Richmond
Martinsville 1940 Henry doubles as county seat
Nansemond 1972-1974 Nansemond merged with City of Suffolk
Newport News 1896 Warwick annexed Warwick
Norfolk 1845 Norfolk annexed Berkeley 1906
Norton 1954 Wise formerly Prince’s Flat
Petersburg 1850 Dinwiddie
Poquoson 1970 York
Portsmouth 1858 Norfolk annexed portion of Chesapeake 1968
Radford 1887 Pulaski formerly Central
Richmond 1842 Henrico doubles as county seat
Roanoke 1884 Roanoke formerly Big Lick
Salem 1968 Roaoke doubles as county seat
South Boston 1960-1998 Halifax reverted to town
South Norfolk 1919-present Norfolk absorbed Norfolk County, renamed Chesapeake 1963
Staunton 1871 Augusta
Suffolk 1910 Nansemond merged with county to enlarge City of Suffolk 1974
Virginia Beach 1952 Princess Anne absorbed Princess Anne County 1963
Warwick 1952-1958 Warwick consolidated into Newport News
Waynesboro 1948 Augusta formerly Teesville until after the Revolutionary War
Williamsburg 1884 James City and York
Winchester 1874 Frederick

Sources

References