Bürgerrollen and Bürgerbücher/Citizen Rolls and Books
The older forms of city directories are Bürgerrollen and Bürgerbücher. In them are listed citizens with rights to citizenship (Bürgerrecht) in a given locality. There was a difference between a Bürger and a Einwohner. Citizens without Bürgerrecht were called Beiwohner or Beisassen. A fully recognized citizen of a town had to have property. He also had to pay certain fees to become a citizen in the first place. With privileges came obligations i.e., defending the city. Bürgerbücher and Bürgerrollen can be found through local archives, the Stadt- and Gemeindearchive. Here is a list of such archives in Württemberg.
Later address books of cities became available. Here is a link to address books from Württemberg
The Family History Library does not have a large collection of Einwohnerbücher for Württemberg. Those that are available cover the time periods between 1889-1937 and found in the Family History Library Catalog under the record topic Directories.
Einwohnerbücher are often available in Stadt/city archives. Not all small villages had their own books and may be included with the books of the larger Gemeinde/community to which they belong. When you are interested in using an Einwohnerbuch that is not on the Family History Library Catalog, it may be a good idea to Google the town or larger town near it, using the term "Einwohnerbuch" to see if one is available online.
The things that might be found in an Einwohnerbuch include:
- Name of person
- Address, street and house number
- Occasionally occupations are listed
Some earlier filmed books exist, for example, from the town of Ebingen as early as the year 1200. This is rare. These earlier books included different types of information such as:
- Taxes paid for property
- Property that the inhabitant owned
- Names of other family members, other than head of house
- Year of birth of family members
For these last examples, where other family members are mentioned with the year of birth, this information can actually connect families together when church records are not clear or do not give a mother's name in a birth record.