Württemberg Naturalization and Citizenship

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Bürgerbücher in Württemberg [Citizenship Books]

Lists of citizens are kept by most of the Oberamt [district] offices in Württemberg.  They contain much useful information, including where a person was born.  This is most helpful when a person has moved into the village from an unknown location. Because of differences in the local records, information may not be the same in each locality. Most of these books are alphabetical, although some may have indexes.

Some of the information contained in these records includes:

  • First and last names
  • Occupation
  • Birthdate
  • Birthplace
  • Marital status, often includes deceased or living spouse
  • The means by which citizenship was granted i.e. marriage
  • Cause for removal i.e. death or moving
  • Street address with house number
  • Death dates
  • Marriage dates
  • Date of citizenship
  • Family register number
  • Comments

A sample of what can be found:

Johann Georg Kiene, widower, master weaver, born 12 Apr 1775 in Neckergartach, protected citizen, having received citizenship rights on 21 Sep 1798 through the city council.  Died as a widower 30 Jul 1840.

Inhabitant Lists of Untertürkheim

In the year 1694, all the church records and the church in Untertürkheim were destroyed by fire. During this time inhabitant books were kept as well as the churchbooks. These are located in the State Archives in Stuttgart and are available there. A partial listing of some of these inhabitants can be found in the periodical Sudwestdeutsche Blätter für Familien und Wappenkunde. This is available at the Family History Library and the call number is 943.46 B2sw v. 12 p.18-23

Inhabitants of Esslingen

An excellent example of a "Bürgerbüch" is a book entited Das Bürgerbuch Der Reichsstadt Esslingen 1482-1552.  This is a wonderful source to help you go farther back then the beginning of the earliest Church record.  The earliest filmed church book for Esslingen is for the Evangelical Lutheran parish for which the first record begins in the year 1565. The FHL call number is 943.47/Ec P49b.  There are also fragmented citizens' lists for the years 1470 and 1471.  This book contains the following information:

  • Newly accepted citizens
  • Date
  • Family name, with multiple spelling versions
  • Occupation
  • Home village
  • Lists of guildmasters, judges and councilman with years of service

If you have been searching in Esslingen, this book may help you extend your pedigree.