Wapello County, Iowa Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Iowa Gotoarrow.png Wapello County

Guide to Wapello County Iowa genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Wapello County, Iowa
Map of Iowa highlighting Wapello County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Location of Iowa in the U.S.
Founded February 17, 1843
County Seat Ottumwa

County Courthouse

Quick Facts

Parent County

1843 Wapello County was created 17 February 1843 from unorganized territory. It was attached to Jefferson County prior to organization 1 March 1844.  County seat: Ottumwa [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Appanoose | Davis | Jefferson | Keokuk | Mahaska | Monroe | Van Buren




  • Records of the St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Ottumwa, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for additional information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories 





In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Iowa - Wapello - Probate records.

The Wapello County Genealogical Society has an online index of the probate case files from 1844 to 1924. The index gives the name, court date, box number and case number.



Vital Records 

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also How to order Iowa Vital Records or order electronically online.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).