Washington County, Maryland Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.pngMaryland Gotoarrow.png Washington County

MD Washington map.png

County Courthouse

County Clerk
100 W. Washington St., #226
Hagerstown, MD 21740-4735
Phone: 240-313-2200

Register of Wills
95 West Washington St.
Hagerstown, MD 21740

Mailing Address
P.O. Box 229
Hagerstown, MD 21741



Washington County was the first county in the United States named for General George Washington, who later became the first President of the United States. Washington County lies in the heart of the Great Valley, which extends down from Central Pennsylvania through Tennessee. The county is located in the portion of the Great Valley known as The Cumberland Valley located north of the Potomac River. The lower portion of the Cumberland Valley is drained by Antietam Creek and Conococheague Creek. [1]Washington County has 24 graceful stone arch bridges built between 1819 and 1863.

Parent County

Washington County was created 6 September 1776 from Frederick County and has 458 square miles which contains 3 National Parks, 7 State Parks, 14 County Parks, and numerous City and Town Parks. Hagerstown is the county seat.

Boundary Changes

Allegany County was formed from Washington County on 25 December 1789.

Record Loss

1871 ~ On December 6, 1871 the courthouse was destroyed by fire. [2]however, only some records were lost.


Populated Places

Census Districts

Neighboring Counties

Allegany | Frederick | Pennsylvania counties: Adams| Franklin | Fulton | Loudoun County, Virginia | West Virginia counties: Berkeley | Jefferson | Morgan



A complete list of Cemeteries in Washington County can be found on the Washington County Cemeteries page. Additonal Washington County cemeteries transcriptions can be found on Internment.net. For more information about Cemeteries in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Cemeteries page.


Federal Census reports available 1790-1930 including slave and veterans schedules.

For more information about the using the census in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Census page.


Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Washington County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. The following records, taken from its collection, have been digitized and made available to view for free online:

Additional Washington County church resources include:

For more information about Churches in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Church Records page.



For more information about Gazetteers in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Gazetteers page.


  • [Randolph] Randolph, Blanche Willie Grace and Deborah Ann Kraemer Small. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia. Little Rock, Arkansas: B. Randolph, 1979. FHL Collection
  • [Randolph] Small, Deborah Ann Kraemer and Blanche Willie Grace Randolph. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia, Volume II. Winter Park, Florida: D. Small, 1989. FHL Collection
  • [Randolph] Raski, Arma, James Randolph, and Glenita Guthrie. Additions & Corrections to Vol. II, the Randolphs of Prince William Co., VA by Deborah K. SmallFHL 6075877
  • [Williams] Birch, Nicki Peak. "Tracking Basil Williams of Maryland and Pennsylvania Through Changing Residences and Multiple Marriages," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 96, No. 1 (March 2008):23-37. FHL Collection 973 B2ng v. 96



Through a Joint Government Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Washington County Deed Books (1776-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

See the Maps section of this article for information about plat and ownership maps.

For more information about Land in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Land and Property page.

Local Histories

  • The Bivouacs of the Dead: The Story of those Who Died at Antietam and South Mountain [3][4]148 pages. Includes histories, maps and rosters of Antietam, Washington, Mt. Olivet and Elmwood Cemeteries.
  • History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md By Herbert Charles Bell [5] is a history of the early settlers of the Leitersberg District near Hagerstown, Maryland. This is first rate guide to the early genealogical records of the time and place. Full text can be accessed at Google Books
  • A History of Washington County, Maryland, by Thomas John Chew Williams [6] from the earliest settlements to the present time, including a history of Hagerstown, to this is added a biographical record of representative families prepared from data obtained from original sources of information. A snippet view can be seen at Google Books.


  • Washington County USGenWeb Project This site has numerous old maps and/or links to old maps online of Washington County, including the map of the original patent holders of the county, Washington County Hundreds, 1859 William Taggert Map, 1877 Illustrated Atlas, 1879 Ilustrated Atlas, and 1895 County Atlas.


Battle of Antietam.png

In Sharpsburg, the Battle of Antietam took place on Sept 17, 1862. This tragic battle found 23,110 men that had been either killed, wounded, or listed as missing. If they didn't die in the battle, they succumbed to disease or from the wounds that they had received. The little village was turned into a burial ground with the farm of William Roulette becoming the final resting place for 700 soldiers. Other of the dead were buried in fields surrounding this once peaceful little community. Antietam is considered a turning point of the Civil War.

  • Crossroads of war : Washington County, Maryland, in the Civil War by S. Roger Keller; [7] focuses on cross-section of the happenings of both civilians and the military with eyewitness accounts of events in Washington County history.
  • Events of the Civil War in Washington County, Maryland By S. Roger Keller, Dennis E. Frye;[8][9]Events of the Civil War shows that War through the eyes of one community drawn from letters, newspapers, regimental histories, diaries, family histories, and published and unpublished archival sources.
Military Websites
Military Records
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Washington County on page 127.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Washington County, pp. 156-159. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

For more information about the Military in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Military Records page.



For more information about Maryland Periodicals please refer to the Maryland Periodicals page.



Vital Records



Other Washington County death resources include:

Societies and Libraries

For other Societies refer to the Maryland Societies page.

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • FamilyHart Online Database This online family database contains over 719,000 linked family names. It grows by 1,000 names per week, and is updated quarterly. There are many many Washington County names in this database.
  • Jew's Genealogy - This web site contains information on many families from the Washington County, Maryland area.

Sources and Footnotes

  1. Know Your County-Facts about Washington County and its government, League of Women Voters of Washington County, MD 2006, p. 4
  2. Herbert Charles Bell, History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md., Leitersburg, Md., Published by The author, 1898; page 13. Google Books WorldCat 14358625
  3. The Bivouacs of the Dead: The Story of those Who Died at Antietam and South Mountain; Stotelmyer, Steven R., Baltimore, MD: Toomey Press, 1992. LIB 2-4-4
  4. WorldCat Reference
  5. Herbert Charles Bell, History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md , Leitersburg, Md., Published by The author, 1898; can be found at WorldCat
  6. Thomas John Chew Williams, A History of Washington County, Maryland - Washington Co., Md - 1968 - 1347 pages Reprint of the ed published in 1906 by J. M. Runk & L. R. Titsworth, Hagerstown, Md. Worldcat
  7. Crossroads of war : Washington County, Maryland, in the Civil War, Edition: illustrated, Published by Burd Street Press, 1997, Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized Sep 22, 2008, ISBN 1572490365, 9781572490369, 312 pages WorldCat 36726487
  8. A snippet view is available at Google Books Events of the Civil War in Washington County, Maryland; Contributor Dennis E. Frye; Edition: illustrated, Published by Burd Street Press, 1995 Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized Sep 22, 2008, ISBN 0942597567, 9780942597561, 412 pages
  9. Worldcat
  10. Washington County Court located at: 95 W. Washington Street, Hagerstown, MD 21740, (301) 739-3612
  11. Google Books
  12. located at 95 W. Washington Street, Hagerstown 21740; Mailing Address: P.O. Box 229, Hagerstown, MD 21741; 301-733-8660
  13. Google Books