Week Day Symbols
Today, there are eight names for the days of the week in standard German, Sonntag, Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, and Samstag or Sonnabend. Dialects have other names, but we will not concern ourselves with those names. However, in old records, scribes often used symbols to indicate the days of the week instead of writing the entire name. These symbols are not abbreviations and each has other uses, such as representing metals and planets (hence, their association with the days of the week). The symbols, which in this case are taken from Bavaria around 1715, are:
Sonntag [] This is simply a circle with a dot in the middle and represents the sun.
Montag [] The crescent obviously represents the moon.
Dienstag[] This symbol represents the Roman god of war, Mars/ Germanic Tiw, and is also the symbol for ‘male.’
Mittwoch [] This rather interesting looking symbol represents Roman Mercury/Germanic Wodin. It looks like the symbol for Friday with horns on the top.
Donnerstag [] The symbol for Thursday stands for Roman Jupiter/Germanic Thor
Freitag [] This symbol, a cross with a circle on top (the extra little hook on the upper right part on the left photo is not part of the symbol), represents Roman Venus/Germanic Frigg and is the also the symbol for ‘female.’
Samstag [] This symbol represents the Roman god Saturn.
So, you might read [] d 29ten Oktober, which means ‘Sonntag, den 29. Oktober.’