Difference between revisions of "Wentworth County, Ontario"

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''[[Canada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ontario]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Wentworth County'''   
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''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ontario Genealogy|Ontario]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Wentworth County'''   
  
=== Getting Started  ===
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{{ONT-sidebar}}
  
1.  What information do you wish to locate about your ancestor?  To choose the sources you need to search first, please click on&nbsp[[Ontario Record Selection Table|RECORD SELECTION TABLE: Ontario]], which will help you decide.
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{| style="float:right; margin-right:50px; margin-left:50px"
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|-
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|{{Click|Image:Ontario.png|Ontario Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
  
2.&nbsp; From the above Record Selection Table, which sources do you wish to check in this county?&nbsp; To check the availability of your sources of interest as well as to check the&nbsp;websites that have them online, please click on&nbsp;this county's [[WENTWORTH COUNTY: Sources Links Table|SOURCES LINKS TABLE]].<br>
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|}
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__TOC__
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== Civil Registration==
  
3.&nbsp; Do you know the location that you wish to search in this county?&nbsp;&nbsp;If so, please check for some possible sources and some online information about your location of interest, by clicking on&nbsp; this county's [[WENTWORTH COUNTY: Populated Places Table|POPULATED&nbsp;PLACES&nbsp;TABLE]].
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===Birth===
  
4.&nbsp;&nbsp;For further information regarding&nbsp;your sources of interest, '''see "4 Resources"&nbsp;ABOVE in the "CONTENTS" table '''and click on the source of interest.  
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*'''1869 - 1911''' {{RecordSearch|1784212|Ontario Births, 1869-1911}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1858 - 1913''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8838 Ontario, Canada Births, 1858-1913] at [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]--index and images. ($)
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*'''1869 - 1912''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-30238/ontario-births-1869-1912?s=218489221 Ontario Births, 1869-1912] at [http://www.myheritage.com]--index. ($)
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===Marriage===
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*'''1801-1858''' - {{RecordSearch|2569151|Ontario, District Marriage Registers, 1801-1858}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images.
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*'''1801-1928, 1933-1934''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=792 Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801-1928, 1933-1934] at [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]--index and images. ($)
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*'''1858-1869''' - {{RecordSearch|2568642|Ontario, County Marriage Registers, 1858-1869}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images.
  
Remember that you should always try to get an original copy of that source to verify information.&nbsp;
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===Death===
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*'''1869-1937, and some 1939-1947''' - {{RecordSearch|1307826|Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, 1939-1947}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1869-1938, 1943-1944, and some 1939-1947''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8946 Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869-1938, 1943-1944, and Deaths Overseas, 1939-1947] at [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]--index and images. ($)
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<br>
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===Writing for a More Recent Birth, Marriage, or Death Record===
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*[https://www.ontario.ca/page/get-or-replace-ontario-birth-certificate ServiceOntario, Birth Records] is the only government-authorized source for obtaining birth certificates.  Go to the section entitled "Order a Birth Search".  This is the most economical, searches the widest time period, and allows searches for people not immediately related. A letter of information is provided rather than a certificate.
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*[https://www.ontario.ca/page/how-get-copy-ontario-marriage-certificate-online ServiceOntario, Marriage Records] offers a marriage search option and a historical certificate option.
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*[https://www.ontario.ca/page/how-get-copy-ontario-death-certificate-online ServiceOntario, Death Records] offers a death search option and a historical certificate option.  Also official death certificates are available to a wider range of relatives than birth and marriage certificates.
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===FamilySearch Library Microfilmed Records===
 +
Some of the church/civil records have been microfilmed by FamilySearch.These microfilms may be ordered for viewing at [https://familysearch.org/locations/ Family History Centers] around the world. To find a microfilm:
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:::a. Click on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=174130&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Canada%2C%20Ontario%2C%20Wentworth%22 '''records for Canada, Ontario, Wentworth County'''.] You will see a list of available records for the county.
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:::b. You will also see above the list the link '''Places within Canada, Ontario, Wentworth County'''.  This will take you to a list of towns in the counties, which are links to records for the specific town.
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:::c. Click on any topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
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:::d. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. [[File:FHL icons.png|75px]].  The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm. Clicking on the microfilm reel will lead to information on how to rent the film. Family History Center staff will assist you in ordering the film.
  
Please&nbsp;be aware&nbsp;that this is a growing Pilot program, with new information being added on a regular basis.'''<br>'''
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==Census Records==
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{| class="wikitable" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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! scope="col" |Census
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!Districts and Sub-Districts
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! scope="col" | Links
  
'''NOTE''':&nbsp; If you would like to participate in contributing information into this WIKI&nbsp;program, please go to the "Create a New Page" section of this screen, and follow the guidelines.<br>  
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px; padding-right:5px"|
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Ontario and Nova Scotia Census, 1800-1842
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|
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8829 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Canada Census, 1851
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|Wentworth County (District 41)
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* 390 - Ancaster
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* 391 - Barton
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* 392 - Beverly (partial)
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* 393 - <s>Binbrook</s> (missing)
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* 394 - <s>Dundas</s> (missing)
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* 395 - Glandford (partial, part 1 missing)
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* 396 - <s>Flamboro East</s> (missing)
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* 397 - Flamboro West
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* 398 - Saltfleet
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/1851.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1325192?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1061 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1861
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|Wentworth District
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Ancaster, Barton, Beverly, Binbrook, Dundas,
  
'''WELCOME&nbsp;ABOARD!&nbsp; More&nbsp;sharers of information&nbsp;= more information available for everyone!'''
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East Flamboro,West Flamboro, Glamford,
  
<br>  
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and Saltfleet,
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|style="padding-left:5px; padding-right:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1861/Pages/1861.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1460163?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br> [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1570 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1871
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|Wentworth South (District 22)
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* A - Saltfleet
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* B - Binbrook
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* C - Barton
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* D - Glanford
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* E - Ancaster
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Wentworth North (District 23)
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* A - Beverly
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* B - Flamborough West
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* C - Dundas
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* D - Flamborough East
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1871/Pages/1871.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1551612?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1578 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1881
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|Wentworth South (District 147)
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* A - Saltfleet
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* B - Binbrooke
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* C - Barton
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* D - Glanford
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* E - Ancaster
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Wentworth North (DIstrict 148)
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* A - Dundas (town)
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* B - Flamborough East
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* C - Flamborough West
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* D - Beverly
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1881/Pages/1881.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1804541?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1577 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1891
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|[[Brant County, Ontario|Brant North]] (District 48)
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* A - Ancaster
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Wentworth North (District 128)
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* A - Beverly
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* B - Dundas (town)
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* C - Flamborough East
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* D - Flamborough West
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* E - Waterdown (village)
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Wentworth South (District 129)
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* A - Barton
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* B - Binbrook
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* C - Castor
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* D - Glanford
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* E - Grimsby North (of [[Lincoln County, Ontario|Lincoln County]])
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* F - Grimsby South (of Lincoln County)
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* G - Grimsby (village of Lincoln County)
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* H - Saltfleet
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1583536?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1274 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1901
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|Wentworth and Brant North (District 127)
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* A - Ancaster
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* B - Beverley
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Wentworth South
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* A - Barton
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* B - Binbrook
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* C - Castor
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* D - Dundas (town)
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* E - Flamborough East
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* F - Flamborough West
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* G - Glanford
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* H - Grimsby North
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* I - Grimsby South
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* J - Grimsby (village)
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* K - Saltfleet
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* L - Waterdown (village)
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1901/Pages/1901.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1584557?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8826 Ancestry.com $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1911
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|Wentworth (District 135)
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* 1-8 - Ancaster township
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** 1 - Jerseyville (village)
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** 2 - Capetown (village)
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** 3 - Lynden & Weir (villages)
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** 4 - Ancaster (village)
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** 8 - West Hamilton Surney (village)
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* 9-16 - Barton township
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** 9-12, 49 - Hamilton (city)
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** 16 - Bartonville (village)
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* 17-25 - Beverley Township
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** 17 - Westover (village)
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** 18 - Sheffeld (village)
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** 19 - Rockton (village)
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** 20 - Troy (village)
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** 22 - Capetown (village)
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** 23 - Kirkwall (village)
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** 24 - Lynden (village)
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* 26-28 - Binbrook Township
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** 26 - Sinclairville & Blackheath (villages)
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** 27 - Woodburn (village)
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* 29-32 - Flamborough East
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** 31 - Carlisle (village)
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* 33-40 - Flamborough West
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** 34 - Greensville (village)
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** 35 - Flamborough West (village)
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** 38 - Strabane (village)
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** 39 - Feelton (village)
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* 41-43 Glanford township
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** 43 - Glanford (village)
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* 44-48 - Saltfleet township
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** 45 - Elfrida & Mount Albion (villages)
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** 46 - Tapleytown (village)
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** 47 - Stoney Creek (village)
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** 48 - Burlington Beach
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* 50-53 - Dundas (town)
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* 54 & 55 - Waterdown (village)
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1911/Pages/1911.aspx Archives of Canada]<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2143998?collectionNameFilter=true FamilySearch]<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8947 Ancestry $]
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|-
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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Census of Canada, 1921
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|
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|style="padding-left:5px"|
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[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8991 Ancestry $]
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|}
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==Church Records==
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Church records can include baptisms, marriages, burials, membership lists, financial business, and other records for a particular congregation.  They may be available online or on microfilm, but frequently they are still with the local church or in centralized archives by religion. The Canadian census records asked for the religion of those listed, so you will be able to narrow down which archives to consult.  For help with writing a letter requesting copies of records, see [[Letter Writing Guide for Genealogy|'''Letter Writing Guide for Genealogy''']].
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Anglican|'''Link to Anglican church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Baptist|'''Link to Baptist church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Catholic|'''Link to Catholic church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Lutheran|'''Link to Lutheran church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Moravian|'''Link to Moravian church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#Presbyterian|'''Link to Presbyterian church archives''']]
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*[[Ontario Church Records#United Church of Canada|'''Link to United Church of Canada (including Methodist) church archives''']]
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===Online Church Records===
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These records are incomplete.
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*{{RecordSearch|1805649|'''Ontario Births and Baptisms, 1779-1899'''}} collection includes indexed Ontario church records.
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*{{RecordSearch|1810408|'''Ontario Marriages, 1800-1910.'''}}
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*{{RecordSearch|1927566|'''Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records, 1760-1923.'''}}
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1109 '''Ontario, Canada, Catholic Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1802-1967''']
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($).
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6111 '''Ontario, Canada, Roman Catholic Marriages, 1827-1870'''], ($).
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/historical-records?SearchedRecordsetName=Ontario&Region=World '''Various individual church records at FindMyPast'''], ($).
  
=== History  ===
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==Cemetery Records==
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See, [[Ontario Cemeteries|'''Ontario Cemeteries''']] for information on cemetery record collections not yet digitized, but available in published sources and on microfilm.
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===Online Cemetery Records===
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*[http://www.islandnet.com/ocfa/homepage.html '''Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid'''] website has a free, searchable database of over 2 million burials in Ontario.&nbsp; It can be searched by name, cemetery, county and town, but its references do not include dates of death.&nbsp; Although it does not include any gravestone inscriptions, it can be used to locate graves in Ontario.
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*[https://www.ogs.on.ca/cemetery_index.php '''Ontario Cemetery Ancestory Index''']
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*[http://www.ogs.on.ca/integrated/toni_database1.php '''Ontario Name Index (TONI)''']
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cangmg/ontario/index.htm '''The Canadian Gravemarker Gallery''']
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*[http://cemetery.canadagenweb.org/ON/ '''The Ontario section of Canada GenWeb Cemetery Project''']
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*[http://canadianheadstones.com/on/ '''Ontario, Canada Headstones.com''']
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*{{RecordSearch|1627831|'''Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries (FamilySearch Historical Records)'''}}
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60527 '''Canada, Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current''']
  
==== Parent County  ====
 
  
==== Boundary Changes ====
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=== History ===
  
==== Record Loss ====
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==== The Geography ====
  
=== Places/Localities  ===
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To begin at the very beginning, Wentworth County’s nature is tied to the two geographical features that dominate it: the Great Lakes and the Niagara Escarpment. The Saint Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, Burlington Bay, the Desjardins Canal and Coote’s Paradise, provided means of transport well into the interior, assisted in settlement and made possible the establishment of shipping and industry. The escarpment, part of a formation over 700 miles long, forms a cliff 300 to 330 feet high running about 2-2.5 miles from the lake and bay, with a deeply eroded western section where the Dundas and Ancaster valleys lie. The combination of water and height would result in mills.
  
==== Populated Places ====
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==== Exploration and Settlement ====
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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The earliest settlers were, of course, First Nations people, the Neutrals (refusing to engage in the wars between the Iroquois and the Hurons), who occupied much of Southwestern Ontario. They left their permanent mark in the making of two trails, now called King Street and York Street, in the City of Hamilton. By the end of 1652, the Neutrals had been completed annihilated by conquering Seneca, a tribe of the Iroquois. So, the area was inhabited by the great Five Nations (later Six Nations).
  
=== Resources  ===
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The first Europeans to come to the interior were Étienne Brulé and Robert de La Salle, French explorers in the 1600’s. But they formed no settlement, leaving the land as they found it.
  
==== Biographies  ====
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Settlement began in earnest in the wake of the American Revolution, as those who preferred to remain under British rule left, or were forced from, their American homes. They moved to many areas of what was then Upper and Lower Canada, where their loyalty was rewarded by free land.
  
At this time, please read about Biographies in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Biography|Biography]].  
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Famously (at least locally) was Richard Beasley, a man of many parts but mostly merchant, who settled on Burlington Heights at the Head of the Lake in 1777, on the land now occupied by Dundurn Castle. He was followed by Robert Land, in 1778, a member of the King’s Forces who lost his land and his family in the Revolution. There is a nearly unbelievable story of how the family was reunited in 1791.  
  
==== Cemeteries  ====
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About 10,000 loyalists came to Ontario settling near the Bay of Quinte, Niagara Peninsula, and along the Saint Lawrence River. They were followed by many non-Loyalists in search of cheap land, and by many of the Native people who had fought for Britain.<br>
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Cemeteries in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Cemeteries|Cemeteries]].  
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In 1788 through 1793, the townships at the Head of the Lake were surveyed and named. This included all the townships of what became Wentworth, Haldimand and Halton Counties. The land was claimed only very slowly. Meanwhile, the village of Ancaster had been founded and was rapidly becoming a bustling centre of industry with mills. Dundas also had mills.  
  
==== Census Records  ====
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The principal historical divisions of the county were:<br>Ancaster, Barton, Beverly, Benbrook, Flamborough East, Flamborough West, Glanford, Saltfleet. All but Benbrook and Glanford are separated at least in part by the escarpment.
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Census Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Census|Census]].  
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At various times the townships of Caistor, Seneca (both in Haldimand County) and Onandaga (Brant County) were part of Wentworth.  
  
==== Church Records  ====
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The new land was barely scratched at when the War of 1812-14 broke out. All adult men had to belong to the local militia, and some joined the regular troops, most of whom were British. Burlington Heights was a critical defensive point across the harbour and the Head of the Lake. But the famous local battle was the Battle of Stoney Creek in 1813, resoundingly won by the British forces.
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Church Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Church Records|Church Records]].  
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The area had had many names, just as the province had many divisions. In 1816, Halton and Wentworth were named the District of Gore; at this time Wentworth included some townships now in Haldimand County. In 1853, Wentworth County was declared a separate entity.  
  
==== Court Records  ====
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In 1833, the Town of Hamilton was incorporated with a population of about 1,000, far smaller than neighbouring Ancaster. The 1837 Rebellion interrupted life (briefly) and the local Militia was lead by Alan MacNab, whose “castle” was completed. He was knighted the following year for his actions. In 1846, the City of Hamilton was chartered, the first telegraph wire (to Toronto) was strung and The Hamilton Spectator was founded. “The Spec” is still publishing.
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Court Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Court Records|Court Records]].
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==== Changes  ====
  
==== Directories  ====
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In 1973, under Provincial order, the county and city reluctantly united into the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, with two tiers of government. In 2001 the Region was further amalgamated into the City of Hamilton. Although the name of Wentworth County has officially disappeared, it lingers in the names of many organizations, just as the many local historical groups preserve the old townships.
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Directories in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Directories|Directories]].
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=== Places/Localities  ===
  
==== Genealogy ====
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==== Neighboring Counties ====
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Genealogies in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Genealogy|Genealogy]].
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<u>Historical</u><br>Halton, Wellington, Waterloo, Brant, Haldimand, Lincoln<br><u>Modern</u><br>Halton, Wellington, Waterloo, Brant, Haldimand, Niagara<br>
  
==== Land and Property Records ====
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=== Resources ===
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Land and Property Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Land and Property|Land and Property]].
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==== Biographies  ====
  
==== Local Histories  ====
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'''Figures from History'''
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Local Histories&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario History|History]].
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[[www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php|Robert Land]]&nbsp;-- First UEL arrival
  
==== Maps  ====
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[http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=3238 Richard Beasley]&nbsp;-- first settler at the Head of the Lake
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Maps in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Maps|Maps]].
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[http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=4565 Sir Alan MacNab]&nbsp;-- Prime Minister
  
==== Military Records  ====
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[http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=3424 George Hamilton]&nbsp;-- settler and founder of City of Hamilton
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Military Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Military Records|Military Records]].
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[http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2854 James Durand] -- a founding father
  
==== Newspapers &amp;&nbsp;Obituaries  ====
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hughson Nathaniel Hughson] -- a founding father
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Newspapers and Obituaries&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Newspapers|Newspapers]].
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'''Medicine'''
  
==== Probate Records  ====
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[http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7631Sir William Osler]&nbsp;-- the father of Modern Medicine
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Probate Records in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Probate Records|Probate Records]].
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Bagshaw Elizabeth Bagsha]w -- early female physician, founder of the first planned parenthood clinic in Canada
  
==== Taxation Records  ====
 
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Taxation Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Taxation|Taxation]].
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=== Societies and Libraries  ===
  
==== Vital Records<br>  ====
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*[http://www.ogs.on.ca/hamilton/index.html Hamilton Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society]
  
At this time, please read about&nbsp;Vital Records&nbsp;in the Province of Ontario Resources - [[Ontario Vital Records|Vital Records]].  
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== Web Sites  ==
 
+
The Forebears website will give you an extensive list of websites that could have information for people who lived in this county. Some sites cover just the county, some cover all of Ontario, and some cover all of Canada. Some sites are databases of names and facts about people; other sites cover background information such as maps, history, geography, or genealogy strategies and methods for the region.
=== Societies and Libraries  ===
 
  
=== Web Sites  ===
+
*[http://forebears.io/canada/ontario/hamilton Forebears, Wentworth County]
  
=== References  ===
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[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jima/pioneers.html Pioneer Families of Wentworth County] (one that settled in Wentworth County Ontario prior to 1860).
  
 
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{{Ontario|Ontario}}  
  
[[Category:Ontario_counties]][[Category:Wentworth County, Ontario]]
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[[Category:Wentworth County, Ontario]]

Latest revision as of 02:21, 29 April 2017

Canada Gotoarrow.png Ontario Gotoarrow.png Wentworth County

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Civil Registration

Birth

Marriage

Death


Writing for a More Recent Birth, Marriage, or Death Record

  • ServiceOntario, Birth Records is the only government-authorized source for obtaining birth certificates. Go to the section entitled "Order a Birth Search". This is the most economical, searches the widest time period, and allows searches for people not immediately related. A letter of information is provided rather than a certificate.
  • ServiceOntario, Marriage Records offers a marriage search option and a historical certificate option.
  • ServiceOntario, Death Records offers a death search option and a historical certificate option. Also official death certificates are available to a wider range of relatives than birth and marriage certificates.

FamilySearch Library Microfilmed Records

Some of the church/civil records have been microfilmed by FamilySearch.These microfilms may be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers around the world. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on records for Canada, Ontario, Wentworth County. You will see a list of available records for the county.
b. You will also see above the list the link Places within Canada, Ontario, Wentworth County. This will take you to a list of towns in the counties, which are links to records for the specific town.
c. Click on any topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
d. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm. Clicking on the microfilm reel will lead to information on how to rent the film. Family History Center staff will assist you in ordering the film.

Census Records

Census Districts and Sub-Districts Links

Ontario and Nova Scotia Census, 1800-1842

Ancestry $

Canada Census, 1851

Wentworth County (District 41)
  • 390 - Ancaster
  • 391 - Barton
  • 392 - Beverly (partial)
  • 393 - Binbrook (missing)
  • 394 - Dundas (missing)
  • 395 - Glandford (partial, part 1 missing)
  • 396 - Flamboro East (missing)
  • 397 - Flamboro West
  • 398 - Saltfleet

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
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Census of Canada, 1861

Wentworth District

Ancaster, Barton, Beverly, Binbrook, Dundas,

East Flamboro,West Flamboro, Glamford,

and Saltfleet,

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

Census of Canada, 1871

Wentworth South (District 22)
  • A - Saltfleet
  • B - Binbrook
  • C - Barton
  • D - Glanford
  • E - Ancaster

Wentworth North (District 23)

  • A - Beverly
  • B - Flamborough West
  • C - Dundas
  • D - Flamborough East

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
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Census of Canada, 1881

Wentworth South (District 147)
  • A - Saltfleet
  • B - Binbrooke
  • C - Barton
  • D - Glanford
  • E - Ancaster

Wentworth North (DIstrict 148)

  • A - Dundas (town)
  • B - Flamborough East
  • C - Flamborough West
  • D - Beverly

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
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Census of Canada, 1891

Brant North (District 48)
  • A - Ancaster

Wentworth North (District 128)

  • A - Beverly
  • B - Dundas (town)
  • C - Flamborough East
  • D - Flamborough West
  • E - Waterdown (village)

Wentworth South (District 129)

  • A - Barton
  • B - Binbrook
  • C - Castor
  • D - Glanford
  • E - Grimsby North (of Lincoln County)
  • F - Grimsby South (of Lincoln County)
  • G - Grimsby (village of Lincoln County)
  • H - Saltfleet

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Census of Canada, 1901

Wentworth and Brant North (District 127)
  • A - Ancaster
  • B - Beverley

Wentworth South

  • A - Barton
  • B - Binbrook
  • C - Castor
  • D - Dundas (town)
  • E - Flamborough East
  • F - Flamborough West
  • G - Glanford
  • H - Grimsby North
  • I - Grimsby South
  • J - Grimsby (village)
  • K - Saltfleet
  • L - Waterdown (village)

Archives of Canada
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Census of Canada, 1911

Wentworth (District 135)
  • 1-8 - Ancaster township
    • 1 - Jerseyville (village)
    • 2 - Capetown (village)
    • 3 - Lynden & Weir (villages)
    • 4 - Ancaster (village)
    • 8 - West Hamilton Surney (village)
  • 9-16 - Barton township
    • 9-12, 49 - Hamilton (city)
    • 16 - Bartonville (village)
  • 17-25 - Beverley Township
    • 17 - Westover (village)
    • 18 - Sheffeld (village)
    • 19 - Rockton (village)
    • 20 - Troy (village)
    • 22 - Capetown (village)
    • 23 - Kirkwall (village)
    • 24 - Lynden (village)
  • 26-28 - Binbrook Township
    • 26 - Sinclairville & Blackheath (villages)
    • 27 - Woodburn (village)
  • 29-32 - Flamborough East
    • 31 - Carlisle (village)
  • 33-40 - Flamborough West
    • 34 - Greensville (village)
    • 35 - Flamborough West (village)
    • 38 - Strabane (village)
    • 39 - Feelton (village)
  • 41-43 Glanford township
    • 43 - Glanford (village)
  • 44-48 - Saltfleet township
    • 45 - Elfrida & Mount Albion (villages)
    • 46 - Tapleytown (village)
    • 47 - Stoney Creek (village)
    • 48 - Burlington Beach
  • 50-53 - Dundas (town)
  • 54 & 55 - Waterdown (village)

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

Census of Canada, 1921

Ancestry $

Church Records

Church records can include baptisms, marriages, burials, membership lists, financial business, and other records for a particular congregation. They may be available online or on microfilm, but frequently they are still with the local church or in centralized archives by religion. The Canadian census records asked for the religion of those listed, so you will be able to narrow down which archives to consult. For help with writing a letter requesting copies of records, see Letter Writing Guide for Genealogy.

Online Church Records

These records are incomplete.

($).

Cemetery Records

See, Ontario Cemeteries for information on cemetery record collections not yet digitized, but available in published sources and on microfilm.

Online Cemetery Records


History

The Geography

To begin at the very beginning, Wentworth County’s nature is tied to the two geographical features that dominate it: the Great Lakes and the Niagara Escarpment. The Saint Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, Burlington Bay, the Desjardins Canal and Coote’s Paradise, provided means of transport well into the interior, assisted in settlement and made possible the establishment of shipping and industry. The escarpment, part of a formation over 700 miles long, forms a cliff 300 to 330 feet high running about 2-2.5 miles from the lake and bay, with a deeply eroded western section where the Dundas and Ancaster valleys lie. The combination of water and height would result in mills.

Exploration and Settlement

The earliest settlers were, of course, First Nations people, the Neutrals (refusing to engage in the wars between the Iroquois and the Hurons), who occupied much of Southwestern Ontario. They left their permanent mark in the making of two trails, now called King Street and York Street, in the City of Hamilton. By the end of 1652, the Neutrals had been completed annihilated by conquering Seneca, a tribe of the Iroquois. So, the area was inhabited by the great Five Nations (later Six Nations).

The first Europeans to come to the interior were Étienne Brulé and Robert de La Salle, French explorers in the 1600’s. But they formed no settlement, leaving the land as they found it.

Settlement began in earnest in the wake of the American Revolution, as those who preferred to remain under British rule left, or were forced from, their American homes. They moved to many areas of what was then Upper and Lower Canada, where their loyalty was rewarded by free land.

Famously (at least locally) was Richard Beasley, a man of many parts but mostly merchant, who settled on Burlington Heights at the Head of the Lake in 1777, on the land now occupied by Dundurn Castle. He was followed by Robert Land, in 1778, a member of the King’s Forces who lost his land and his family in the Revolution. There is a nearly unbelievable story of how the family was reunited in 1791.

About 10,000 loyalists came to Ontario settling near the Bay of Quinte, Niagara Peninsula, and along the Saint Lawrence River. They were followed by many non-Loyalists in search of cheap land, and by many of the Native people who had fought for Britain.

In 1788 through 1793, the townships at the Head of the Lake were surveyed and named. This included all the townships of what became Wentworth, Haldimand and Halton Counties. The land was claimed only very slowly. Meanwhile, the village of Ancaster had been founded and was rapidly becoming a bustling centre of industry with mills. Dundas also had mills.

The principal historical divisions of the county were:
Ancaster, Barton, Beverly, Benbrook, Flamborough East, Flamborough West, Glanford, Saltfleet. All but Benbrook and Glanford are separated at least in part by the escarpment.

At various times the townships of Caistor, Seneca (both in Haldimand County) and Onandaga (Brant County) were part of Wentworth.

The new land was barely scratched at when the War of 1812-14 broke out. All adult men had to belong to the local militia, and some joined the regular troops, most of whom were British. Burlington Heights was a critical defensive point across the harbour and the Head of the Lake. But the famous local battle was the Battle of Stoney Creek in 1813, resoundingly won by the British forces.

The area had had many names, just as the province had many divisions. In 1816, Halton and Wentworth were named the District of Gore; at this time Wentworth included some townships now in Haldimand County. In 1853, Wentworth County was declared a separate entity.

In 1833, the Town of Hamilton was incorporated with a population of about 1,000, far smaller than neighbouring Ancaster. The 1837 Rebellion interrupted life (briefly) and the local Militia was lead by Alan MacNab, whose “castle” was completed. He was knighted the following year for his actions. In 1846, the City of Hamilton was chartered, the first telegraph wire (to Toronto) was strung and The Hamilton Spectator was founded. “The Spec” is still publishing.

Changes

In 1973, under Provincial order, the county and city reluctantly united into the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, with two tiers of government. In 2001 the Region was further amalgamated into the City of Hamilton. Although the name of Wentworth County has officially disappeared, it lingers in the names of many organizations, just as the many local historical groups preserve the old townships.

Places/Localities

Neighboring Counties

Historical
Halton, Wellington, Waterloo, Brant, Haldimand, Lincoln
Modern
Halton, Wellington, Waterloo, Brant, Haldimand, Niagara

Resources

Biographies

Figures from History

Robert Land -- First UEL arrival

Richard Beasley -- first settler at the Head of the Lake

Sir Alan MacNab -- Prime Minister

George Hamilton -- settler and founder of City of Hamilton

James Durand -- a founding father

Nathaniel Hughson -- a founding father

Medicine

William Osler -- the father of Modern Medicine

Elizabeth Bagshaw -- early female physician, founder of the first planned parenthood clinic in Canada


Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

The Forebears website will give you an extensive list of websites that could have information for people who lived in this county. Some sites cover just the county, some cover all of Ontario, and some cover all of Canada. Some sites are databases of names and facts about people; other sites cover background information such as maps, history, geography, or genealogy strategies and methods for the region.

Pioneer Families of Wentworth County (one that settled in Wentworth County Ontario prior to 1860).