World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918
|News and Events|
In May 2011, the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) completed construction of its new facility in St. Louis, Mo.
The United States entered World War I in April 1917. Over 4.7 million men and women served in the regular U.S. forces, national guard units, and draft units. There were 53,402 killed in action, 63,114 deaths from disease and other causes, and about 205,000 wounded. New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio furnished the most soldiers.
FamilySearch World War I Collections
- United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
- United States, YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919
- United States, Index to Naturalizaztions of Wolrd War I Soldiers, 1918
- California, San Francisco, World War I Enemy Alien Registration Affidavits, 1918
- Louisiana, World War I Service Records, 1917-1920
- Maine, World War I Draft Registration Index, 1917-1919
- North Carolina, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919
- Texas World War I Records,1917-1920
Related Digital Books
- Soldiers of the Great War 3 volumes
- Location of graves and disposition of bodies of American soldiers who died overseas
- Officers and enlisted men of the United States Navy who lost their lives during the World War from April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918
- Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War: American Expeditionary Forces. Divisions
- The National WWI Museum and Memorial Kansas City, MO.
- Order of the First World War
- Military Resources World War I
- NARA WWI Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 1
- NARA WWI Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 2
- NARA Military Service in the United States Army During World War I
- American Battle Monuments Commission
- Finding Your World War I Veteran at The National Archives at St. Louis
- Western Front Association
- HistoryGuide.org. Contains photographs, cemeteries & obituaries, land records, wills, and newspapers; along with a Soldier's Memorial searchable database.
- Chronology of the first World War
- Heritage of the Great War
- Navy Uniforms in WWI
- BYU WWI Document Archive. This archive is international in focus
- Online World War One Indexes and Records
National Archives World War I Dead, AEF
- District of Columbia
- New Hampshire
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Dakota
- US Possessions
United States World War One Centennial
- United States World War One Centennial Commission
- Family Ties Documenting the stories of service and family relationships of those who served in World War I
- Stories of Service
- Documenting the Doughboys
- National Archives World War I Centennial
- Smithsonian World War I Centennial
Infantry Division Unit Histories
- 3rd Division
- 4th Division
- 5th Infantry Division
- 5th Division
- 26th Division
- 28th Division
- 29th Division
- 32nd Division
- 35th Division
- 37th Division
- 77th Division
- 78th Division
- 82nd Division
- 88th Division
- 90th Division
- 91st Division
- 16th Infantry
- 71st Infantry
- 137th Infantry
- 139th Infantry
- 305th Infantry
- 313th Infantry
- 325th Infantry
- 346th Infantry
- 361st Infantry
- 364th Infantry
World War I Service Questionnaires
Gold Star Mothers
- Tennessee State Library Online Index
- NARA Article WW I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 1
- NARA Article WW I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt II
State World War I Records
The Family History Library has some indexes and records from county courthouses, state archives, and state offices of the adjutant general. For example, the library has the following:
- Missouri State Archives and FamilySearch. Pre-WWII Adjutant General Enlistment Contracts, 1900-1941. Digital images of general enlistment contracts from counties in Missouri.
Similar collections are described in the military sections for the various states under STATE NAME - MILITARY RECORDS.
| 25 Jun 1918
|| U.S. troops took over Belleau Wood, France after two weeks of fighting.
7870 Americans lost their lives in the battle.
|18 Jul 1918||Aisne-Marne offensive or the 2nd battle of the Marne marked the turning point of the War. The German line was driven back to Vesle.|
|31 Aug 1918||Congress passed an amendment to the Draft. Act which changed the age limits to range from 18 to 45. All eligible men had to register on September 12th. A total of 24,234,k021 men registered for the draft during the War.|
|26 Sep 1918||The Battle of Meuse-Argonne involved 1,200,000 U.S. troops. The purpose of the offensive was to cut off the German supply trains.|
|31 Oct 1918||The 2nd million U.S. soldier reached France.|
|3 Nov 1918||The Austrian Army surrendered to Italy and began to demobilize.|
|9 Nov 1918||German Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated.|
|11 Nov 1918||Germany surrendered to Allied forces.|
|4 Dec 1918||President Woodrow Wilson and a delegation left the United States for the Paris peace conference.|
|18 Jan 1919||The peace conference convened in Paris, France.|
|14 Feb 1919||The Draft Covenant of the League of Nations was completed. President Wilson returned to the United States. On March 4th, The U.S. Senate rejected the Covenant.|
|19 Nov 1919||The U.S. Senate failed to ratify the Versailles Treaty by a vote of 55 to 39.|
|10 Jan 1920||The treaty of Versailles went into effect.|
|19 Mar 1920||The U.S. Senate again rejected the Versailles Treaty.|
|24 Aug 1921||The United States and Austria signed a separate peace treaty at Vienna.|
|25 Aug 1921||The United States and Germany signed a separate treaty of peace at Berlin.|
|29 Aug 1921||The United States signed a separate peace treaty with Hungary at Budapest.|
Sources for Further Reading
- Controvich, James T. United States Army Unit Histories: A Reference and Bibliography. Manhattan, Kansas: Kansas State University, n.d.
- Davis, Henry Blaine, Jr. Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, N.C.: Pentland Press, 1998. (Family History Library book 973 D3dav.) Contains biographical sketches of the generals in the United States army during World War I.
- Enser, A.G.S. A Subject Bibliography of the First World War: Books in English, 1914-1978. London: A. Deutsch, 1979.
- Gutierrez, Edward A. Doughboys on the Great War. How American Soldiers Viewed Their Military Experiences. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2014.
- Hart, Albert B. America at War: A Handbook of Patriotic Education References. New York: George H. Doran Co., 1918.
- Knapp, Michael G. “World War I Service Records.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives 22. (Fall 1990): 300–2. (Family History Library book 973 B2p.)
- Knapp, Michael G., and Constance Potter. “Here Rests in Honored Glory: World War I Graves Registration.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives 23. (Summer 1991): 190–4. (Family History Library book 973 B2p.)
- Leland, Waldo G. and Mereness, Newton D. Introduction to the American Official Sources for the Economic and Social History of the World War. London: Oxford University Press, 1926.
- McKinley, Albert E. Collected Material for the Study of the War. Philadelphia: McKinley Publishing, 1918.
- McMahon, M. M. Researching Your U.S. WWI Army Ancestors. Crownsville: CreateSpace, 2017.
- New York Public Library. Subject Catalog of the World War I Collection. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1961.
- Schaefer, Christina K. The Great War. A Guide to The Service Records of All The World’s Fighting Men and Volunteers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1998. (Family History Library 940.41 Sch13g.) The United States is covered on pages 123 to 156.
- Yockelson, Mitchell. “They Answered the Call: Military Service in the United States Army during World War I, 1917–1919.” Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Fall 1998): 228–34. (Family History Library book 973 B2p.)